Higher Crystalline Volume Yields from Excimer Laser Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon with an Asymmetrical Peak Pulse Profile
Excimer lasers have been utilized for the crystallization of hydrogenated amorphous silicon for electronic applications. These lasers typically operate in the ultraviolet and hence photons are absorbed by the silicon thin films within a few nanometres of the surface, melting and solidifying the silicon on a nanosecond timescale, often without affecting the underlying substrate. This technique enables the use of inexpensive substrates, such as glass, which are highly preferable for low cost, large-area electronic devices. The depth of crystallization becomes important for applications such as photovoltaics, which depends on a number of factors; with laser beam shape one of the most significant. A Gaussian beam profile has been reported to be best suited for controlled evolution of hydrogen during crystallization with minimum surface damage. Previous reports show the typical energy densities of crystallization, comparing the crystalline volume and surface roughness of the resultant films for different film thicknesses. We report significant reductions of laser energy densities for crystallization by modifying the Gaussian pulse profile, while retaining the controlled evolution of hydrogen from hydrogenated amorphous silicon films. An asymmetrical, shorter pulse profile retains the desirable gradual leading edge of the Gaussian pulse for controlled evaporation of hydrogen, while increasing the peak energy. The resultant films show increased surface roughness along with higher crystalline volumes, which may be beneficial for photovoltaics.
S. J. CHUA, J. H. TENG, O. WADA, R. DE LA RUE and X. H. TANG
A.A.D.T. Adikaari et al., "Higher Crystalline Volume Yields from Excimer Laser Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon with an Asymmetrical Peak Pulse Profile", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 31, pp. 185-188, 2008