Quantum Information Processing in Photonic Crystals
We have studied the quantum information processing phenomenon in photonic crystals doped with four-level nanoparticles. This phenomenon occurs due to the switching mechanism in the system. We consider that one of the transition energies of nanoparticles is coupled near resonantly with a photonic band gap edge. The dipole-dipole interaction between the nanoparticles has also been included. It is found that the system switches between the transparent and nontransparent states due to the dipole-dipole interaction and the band edge coupling. This is an interesting finding and can be used to produce logical photon switches in the quantum information processing.
S. J. CHUA, J. H. TENG, O. WADA, R. DE LA RUE and X. H. TANG
M. R. Singh "Quantum Information Processing in Photonic Crystals", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 31, pp. 236-241, 2008