Moisture Sorption and Desorption in Epoxy Composites Reinforced with Triangular and V-Shaped Bars: Determination of Diffusion Coefficient and Effect of Varied Factors
Sorption and desorption of moisture in epoxy composites reinforced with triangular and V-shaped bar fillers were studied. Epoxy was reinforced with vinyl ester bar assemblies fabricated according to 4 varied factors: bar orientation relative to diffusion direction (pointed or base side), bar alignment (parallel or staggered), spacing between bars (1 or 5 mm), and bar cross-sectional shape (triangular or V-shaped). Unlike previous studies, the bar fillers were initially coated with small amount of epoxy resin to improve wetting during fabrication of composites. Moisture uptake and loss of composites during one-side exposure to water vapor (50% relative humidity at 60°C) and hot air (60°C), respectively, were monitored with time. Experimental results show weight change of composites during moisture sorption and desorption varies linearly with square root of exposure time. Diffusion coefficients of composites were determined by assuming the material to be semi-infinite and fitting a mathematical solution to Fick’s second law of diffusion to weight change data. Results show diffusion coefficient of composites during moisture sorption is increased when bars are oriented pointed relative to diffusion direction, aligned parallel, spaced at 1 mm, and has triangular cross-sectional shape. However, during desorption, the diffusion coefficient is increased when base side of bars are exposed and when the bars are aligned staggered. The observed effects of factors on moisture diffusion coefficients of epoxy composites during sorption and desorption are discussed in relation to path length, available diffusion area, and status of epoxy/vinyl ester interphase before and after moisture sorption in composites.
Prof. Eugen Rabkin, Amy Novick-Cohen, Leonid Klinger and Nachum Frage
B. B. Pajarito et al., "Moisture Sorption and Desorption in Epoxy Composites Reinforced with Triangular and V-Shaped Bars: Determination of Diffusion Coefficient and Effect of Varied Factors", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 383, pp. 43-48, 2018