Preparation of Biodegradable Porous Calcium Metaphosphate Granules as Bone Filler by Starch Consolidation
Porous calcium metaphosphate granules for bone fillers were prepared by starch consolidation with baking powder and surfactant. Paste for foaming was prepared by the mixing of calcium metaphosphate powder and water with the various amount of starch (10~20㎛ size), where solid contents 30%, 45%, 60% of the paste. In order to obtain the optimum micro/macro porous structure, the appropriate contents of baking powder and surfactant at a fixed content of starch were examined. In order to examine the content of baking powder on pore morphology, the baking powder was added 60, 180, and 300 wt% of the paste at fixed content of starch. And then, in order to investigate the effect of surfactant on porous structure, surfactant was added 0.035, 0.1, and 0.16 wt% of paste weight at fixed content of starch and baking powder. Foaming was conducted using microwave method, and foamed samples were sintered at 900 °C. The sintered porous blocks with starch only showed uneven and closed macro pores without any micro pores. However, the sintered porous blocks with starch, baking powder, and surfactant showed homogeneous micro and macro porous structures ranging 20~60, and 300~1000 ㎛ in pore size, respectively. The porosity was increased with the increase of surfactant up to about 70 %.
Panjian Li, Kai Zhang and Clifford W. Colwell, Jr.
D.J. Yang et al., "Preparation of Biodegradable Porous Calcium Metaphosphate Granules as Bone Filler by Starch Consolidation ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 284-286, pp. 369-372, 2005