We tried to prepare a new filling material for bone defects using β-Tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) particles and Histoacryl®. The aim of this study was to evaluate physical and bioactive properties of cyanoacrylate-based filling materials for bone defects in the dental field. The shear bond strength values of the Histoacryl® and β-TCP/ Histoacryl® compounds stored in double-distilled water decreased with the increase of the amount of added β-TCP. The temperature change of the β-TCP/ Histoacryl® compounds during polymerization decreased compared to that of the Histoacryl®. The cytotoxicity of the filling materials decreased when the amount of added β-TCP was increased. In the evaluation of bioactivity, hydroxyapatite (HA) was precipitated on the surface and inner space of the porous filling material 4 weeks after immersion in SBF. This precipitation of HA on the surface of the filling material was also confirmed in the XRD result. These results indicate that our novel β-TCP/Histoacryl® compounds have the potential to serve as filling materials for bone defects in the dental field.