Research and Development of Low-Cost Titanium Alloys for Biomedical Applications
β-type titanium alloys comprising low cost elements such as Fe, Mn, Cr, Sn, Al, O and N and having low Young’s modulus are currently being developed. Examples of such alloys include Ti-10Cr-Al, Ti-Mn, Ti-Mn-Fe, Ti-Mn-Al, Ti-Cr-Al, Ti-Sn-Cr, Ti-Cr-Sn-Zr, Ti-(Cr, Mn)-Sn, and Ti-12Cr. Ti-5Fe-3Nb-3Zr belongs to that class of titanium alloys in which rare metals such as Nb, Ta, and Zr have been reduced using Fe. Ti-5Fe-3Nb-3Zr has a Young’s modulus of around 76 GPa and has greater strength than that of Ti-6Al-4V ELI for biomedical applications. The characteristics of Ti-5Fe-3Nb-3Zr and other low-cost beta-type titanium alloys with low Young’s moduli are discussed from the viewpoint of biomedical applications.
M. Ashraf Imam, F. H. (Sam) Froes and Ramana G. Reddy
M. Niinomi et al., "Research and Development of Low-Cost Titanium Alloys for Biomedical Applications", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 551, pp. 133-139, 2013