Recrystallization and Grain Growth

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Authors: Vladimir Yu. Novikov
Abstract: Grain growth in films with h/〈D〉0=3.5−7.5, where h is the film thickness and 〈D〉0 the initial average grain diameter, was studied by means of computer simulation. The growth kinetics during 3D®2D microstructure transformation do not obey the parabolic law commonly used for the grain growth description. By the end of the transformation, 〈D〉/h is not grater than 2. The drag effect of thermal grooves also results in 〈D〉/h < 2 to the end of the microstructure transformation.
Authors: Vladimir Yu. Novikov
Abstract: Grain growth in 2D polycrystals was simulated under the supposition that triple junctions possess a restricted mobility and so impede the migration of grain boundaries. A parameter 0 L = 0 D m taking into account the effect of triple junctions was varied in the range from 0.003 to 270 (m is the ratio of the triple junction mobility to that of grain boundary and 0 D the initial grain diameter). It was shown that at 0 L <0.4–0.5, i.e. at a small 0 D and small m, the growth kinetics becomes linear. It is supposed that the effect of triple junctions on grain growth can be observed in nanocrystalline materials.
Authors: Hélène Petitgand, H. Réglé, Uwe Zimmermann
Abstract: In order to optimize the batch annealing cycles and increase the productivity of this process, the impact of the chemical composition and the processing parameters on the recrystallisation and grain growth kinetics were investigated on different Ti IF steels. A simple model based on an Avrami formulation has been developed for the prediction of the recrystallisation kinetics.
Authors: B. Radhakrishnan, G.B. Sarma
Abstract: The paper describes large scale, three-dimensional, Potts model simulations of the interaction between a coarse particle and a straight boundary driven by a bulk stored energy difference across the boundary. It is shown that the variation of the interaction energy as a function of the interface position is significantly affected by the choice of the lattice temperature. The maximum force offered by the particle on the grain boundary decreases with increasing lattice temperature and approaches the theoretical limit at high lattice temperatures. The boundary velocity responds appropriately to changes in the magnitude and direction of the interaction force only at high lattice temperatures.
Authors: Lasar S. Shvindlerman, Günter Gottstein, Anthony D. Rollett
Abstract: We present a new analysis of the relative rate of growth or shrinkage of grains in a two-dimensional network, based on the classical Von Neumann-Mullins (VN-M) analysis. We find that an analysis of the stability of the grain shape during shrinkage or growth shows that any change in the regular 2D grain leads to changes in the shape. We also re-examine a recent analysis that claims to have invalidated the VN-M relationship, but find that it is still valid, and that the cited analysis, in fact, confused a second order correction with a first order problem, partly because their derivation was in error. The erroneous magnitude of the discrepancy led them to use unphysical issues to explain the discrepancy. The way in which the curvature is distributed along the perimeter of a grain only gives rise only to second order corrections to the rate of change of area as a function of grain topology (number of sides).
Authors: Denis Solas, Ph. Gerber, Thierry Baudin, Richard Penelle
Abstract: A three-dimensional Monte Carlo computer simulation technique has been applied to the problem of normal grain growth. A continuum system is modelled employing a discrete lattice. In this paper we investigate the connectivity of the points that represent the discretized microstructure. The lattice can have a strong influence on the result of the simulation. Only the BCC lattice with 14 neighbours gives similar results than the traditional simple cubic model with 26 neighbours. If we consider the computing time and the required computer memory, the BCC-14 model is a good alternative to the SC-26 model for simulating normal grain growth.
Authors: D. Weygand, J. Lépinoux, Yves Bréchet
Abstract: The conditions for nucleation of abnormal grain growth have been investigated using a 2D vertex simulation allowing for the presence of pinning centers. The topological characteristics of an “almost pinned” structure, compared to the classical grain growth with no pinning force, show a striking correlation between the grain size and the size of the neighbors of this potential abnormal grain. The main finding of this contribution is to stress the crucial importance of pinning particles, and to point to the stochastic nature of the nucleation event in abnormal grain growth.
Authors: Dana Zöllner, Peter Streitenberger
Abstract: A modified Monte Carlo algorithm for single-phase normal grain growth is presented, which allows one to simulate the time development of the microstructure of very large grain ensembles in two and three dimensions. The emphasis of the present work lies on the investigation of the interrelation between the local geometric properties of the grain network and the grain size distribution in the quasi-stationary self-similar growth regime. It is found that the topological size correlations between neighbouring grains and the resulting average statistical growth law both in two and three dimensions deviate strongly from the assumptions underlying the classical Lifshitz- Sloyzov-Hillert theory. The average local geometric properties of the simulated grain structures are used in a statistical mean-field theory to calculate the grain size distribution functions analytically. By comparison of the theoretical results with the simulated grain size distributions it is shown how far normal grain growth in two and three dimensions can successfully be described by a mean-field theory and how stochastic fluctuations in the average growth law must be taken into account.
Authors: S.R. Barrabes, M.E. Kassner, Maria Teresa Pérez-Prado, E. Evangelista
Abstract: The micron-size grain refinement of pure a-zirconium obtained with elevated temperature tensile deformation was investigated. The development of low-misorientation subboundaries caused the serration of the original grain boundaries at low strains. The final microstructure (e.g. strains > 3) was predominantly composed of fine, equiaxed “crystallites” with ⅔ of the boundaries being of very low misorientations (< 3°) and the remaining ⅓ being high angle boundaries (θ > 8°, and typically 25-35°). Discontinuous dynamic recrystallization was excluded as a possible mechanism due to the absence of newly formed grain nuclei. The bimodal distribution of the crystallite or (sub)grain boundary misorientations is inconsistent with the occurrence of continuous dynamic recrystallization and rotational recrystallization. The continual thinning of the original grains, the serration of the high angle boundaries, the bimodal misorientation distribution of misorientations, ⅔ of boundaries of very low misorientations at high strains all strongly suggest geometric dynamic recrystallization and dynamic recovery as the grain refinement and restoration mechanisms.

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