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Authors: Kyung Tae Park, Chong Soo Lee, Dong Hyuk Shin
Abstract: An ultrafine grained structure was obtained in the two grades of a 5083 Al alloy with or without scandium by using equal channel angular pressing and its superplastic behavior was characterized. For the alloy without scandium, low temperature superplasticity was obtained but high strain rate superplasticity was unlikely to occur. By contrast, the alloy containing a small amount of scandium exhibited high strain rate superplasticity. It was found that, in both cases, the strain rate region showing superplasticity was very limited, i.e. one order of magnitude. From the mechanical data, the deformation mechanisms were examined.
Authors: Hong Zhen Guo, Chunyan Duan, Ze Kun Yao, Wei Zhang
Abstract: The commercial hot-rolled bars of LD10 alloy (grain size 25~75µm) are pretreated via proper recrystallization annealing (temperature 380°C, 420°C and 460°C) and solution annealing (temperature 500°C). The average elongation is increased from 158% to 270%, 223%, 219% and 233% respectively and the maximum elongation is 321% (500°C, 3.3×10-4s-1). The test results show that the alloy can present certain superplasticity owing to structural effect of dynamic recrystallization refining during superplastic deformation of coarse-grained LD10 alloy. Large and deep cavities form in grain boundaries and result in intergranular fracture after larger superplastic tensile deformation. And a large amount of metal filaments appear on grain surfaces. The formation of filaments is attributed to viscous flow of solid-liquid mixture in grain boundaries caused by grain-boundary sliding. The appearance of solid-liquid mixture makes grain-boundary sliding easier.
Authors: Mamoru Mabuchi, Yasumasa Chino, Hajime Iwasaki
Abstract: Fine-grained 5083 Al alloy and AZ91 Mg alloy showed superplastic behavior. The plasticitycontrolled growth rates of cavities during superplastic deformation for the Al alloy and Mg alloy were investigated. The cavity volume fraction for the Mg alloy was larger than that for the Al alloy. However, the cavity growth rate for the Mg alloy was lower than that for the Al alloy.
Authors: Cheng Xu, Minoru Furukawa, Z. Horita, Terence G. Langdon
Abstract: The conventional materials used in superplastic forming operations generally have grain sizes of ~2 µm or larger and they exhibit superplasticity at relatively low strain rates. Processing by equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) produces materials having ultrafine-grain sizes, usually in the submicrometer range. If these ultrafine grains show reasonable stability at elevated temperatures, the alloys may exhibit a capability for achieving superplastic elongations at high strain rates. This paper examines the development of ultrafine-grained structures and superplastic ductilities in a spray-cast aluminum 7034 alloys through ECAP. The results show that ECAP is a very effective procedure for achieving grain refinement and superplasticity at rapid strain rates.
Authors: Young Gun Ko, Jeoung Han Kim, Chong Soo Lee, Dong Hyuk Shin, S. Lee Semiatin
Authors: Miao Quan Li, A.M. Xiong, Z.Q. Zhang
Abstract: Deformation behavior of a commercial TC6 titanium alloy at elevated temperature has been investigated using isothermal tension tests. By SEM, the fracture mechanism has been analyzed through the morphologies of failure surface. The superplasticity of the TC6 titanium alloy improves with an increase of deformation temperature and a decrease of initial strain rate. The optimal process parameters are the combination of 950 c o and 0.001s-1, and the limit elongation could reach 267%. The tough fracture is main pattern in the failure of the TC6 titanium alloy. The fracture begins at the boundaries between the matrix and the impurity, and it presents the much more tough fracture characteristic with an increase of deformation temperature and a decrease of initial strain rate.
Authors: Jeoung Han Kim, S. Lee Semiatin, Chong Soo Lee
Abstract: The high temperature deformation mechanisms of two phase a+b alloy and a near-a alloy were investigated, and compared within the framework of inelastic-deformation theory. For this purpose, load-relaxation tests were conducted on the two alloys at temperatures of 750~900°C. The flow stress-vs.-strain rate curves for both alloys were well fit with inelastic deformation equations describing dislocation glide and grain boundary sliding. The amount of grain boundary sliding resistance was higher in the near-a alloy rather than the two phase a+b alloy due to difficulty in stress relaxation at triple junction region.
Authors: Chang Liang Li, Hua Ding, Yong Qing Zhao, Lian Zhou
Abstract: Superplastic forming provides a good way for Ti alloys which are usually difficult to be deformed. Ti75 alloy with a nominal composition of Ti-3Al-2Mo-2Zr is a newly developed corrosion resistant alloy, with a middle strength and high toughness. In the present paper, superplastic behavior of the alloy was investigated, the microstructural evolution in superplastic deformation was observed and the superplastic deformation mechanisms were analyzed. The results showed that the strain rate sensitivity, m, of the Ti75 alloy was larger than 0.3 and the strain was over 2.0 without surface cracking at 800°C and 5×10-4s-1 in compressive testing. During the first stage of superplastic deformation, a phase grains became equiaxed, fine and homogeneous due to the recrystallization in a phase and diffusion in b phase. Newly formed equiaxed a grains then could slide and rotate, exhibiting superplastic features. The stress concentration caused by grain sliding of a grains could be released by slip and diffusion in b phase between the a phase grains, which acted as accommodation mechanisms.
Authors: Guo Qing Chen, Kai Feng Zhang
Abstract: Using Al2O3-YTZ(3mol% yttria stabilized tetragonal zirconia) nanocomposite, superplastic extrusion under different conditions was adopted to form blade models. The results demonstrate that desired microstructure is achieved through the addition of 20mol% YTZ which acts as a second-phase pinning agent. At temperature range of 1650°C to 1700°C the material shows good deformability. At this elevated temperature the maximum extrusion pressure is lower than 25MPa, and the maximum punch speed is about 0.35mm·min-1. In superplastic extrusion the dominating deformation mechanism is grain sliding and rotation, the accommodating mechanism is intergranular zirconia coordinated deformation. Meanwhile static and dynamic grain growth also plays an important role in deformation.
Authors: Koji Morita, Keijiro Hiraga, Byung Nam Kim, Yoshio Sakka

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