Cross-Disciplinary Applied Research in Materials Science and Technology

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Authors: Mukul Gupta, Ajay Gupta, L.M. Kukreja, P. Mishra, S. Rajagopalan, A.K. Balamurgan, A.K. Tyagi
Authors: G. Aurelio, A. Fernández Guillermet, G.J. Cuello, P.B. Bozzano
Abstract: The lattice parameters of the bcc (b) and omega (W) phases occurring metastably in a series of Zr-rich Zr-Nb alloys have been determined at and above room temperature (TR) using neutron diffraction techniques. In the first place, the effect of temperature changes upon the lattice parameters of the b and W phases in alloys with 10 and 18 at.% Nb was monitored using neutron thermodiffraction. A method of analysis is applied to the data which involves a confrontation between the observed structural properties and an idealised -or ``reference'- behaviour (RB) which admits a simple mathematical description. A generalised form of Vegard's law is adopted as RB for the b phase, whereas a specific RB is proposed for the W structure. The experimental data are well accounted for by this interpretation scheme, leading to a picture of the isothermal reactions occurring at high temperature which involves the transfer of Nb from the W to the b phase. Finally, the neutron diffraction data on the W phase are combined with an electron microscopy study for the alloy with 10 at.% Nb aged at 773 K, which provides information on the composition of this phase and its evolution towards thermodynamic equilibrium.
Authors: M. Nobili, Marco Scalerandi, P.P. Delsanto
Authors: Bun Tsuchiya, S. Nagata, Kesami Saito, Kentaro Toh, Tadaaki Shikama
Abstract: Radiation induced changes in electrical properties of calcium-zirconium-indium oxide ceramics (CaZr0.9In0.1O3-d) were investigated using a fission reactor of Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR). Electrical conductivity of CaZr0.9In0.1O3-d under the reactor irradiation increased by the Radiation Induced Conductivity (RIC), Radiation Induced Electromotive Force (RIEMIF)and Radiation Induced Electrical Degradation (RIED), caused by the electronic excitation. The RIC and the RIEMF decreased gradually for the constant value of the reactor power with the increase of irradiation time. Moreover, it was confirmed by Post-irradiation Examination (PIE) experiments that the initial electrical and thermal properties were completely degraded by the irradiation. These radiation effects are attributed to point defects or their clusters produced by atomic displacements caused by neutron collisions and also by the radiolysis.
Authors: Eleni Pavlidou, N. Pistofidis, G. Vourlias, F. Stergioudis
Abstract: Thick sheets of steel were galvanized in a bath containing Al additions. A Fe2Al5 layer is formed at the substrate steel sheet, which leads to a desirable transient inhibition of Fe-Zn reactions. Thus the more protective (eta) phase rich in zinc is favored. However an appreciable intergranular diffusion and a gradual formation of internal and surface oxide particles influence the growth and stability of the inhibition layer. The location of some oxide particles at the Fe2Al5 surface or inside of this layer, led to conclude that oxide particles might cause Fe-Zn outburst growths to form. This is because zinc diffuses along the oxide particle/Fe2Al5 interface. Moreover the mechanism of oxide formation causes a local depletion of the atoms concentration in the bath in the vicinity of the formed oxide. This in turn diminishes the probability of the formation of the Fe2Al5 layer. So the whole mechanism provides a fast diffusion bath for Zn, which reacts with Iron atoms forming Fe-Zn phases. The formation of the phases, were determined by XRD measurements (PHILIPS diffractometer CuKα radiation) while the dispersion of the elements was examined by SEM (20kV JEOL 840A equipped with an OXFORD ISIS 300 EDS analyzer.
Authors: Ibolya Zsoldos, J.F. Janik, L. Pellenyi
Abstract: A computer algorithm based on a topological model has been created to determine the tensile strength of glass metals in a theoretical way.
Authors: Cheng-Hsiung Peng, Hong-Wen Wang, Shih-Wei Kan, San-Yuan Chen
Abstract: Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 ferrite powders were synthesized by a hydrothermal method. The nanoparticles of these materials were mixed with a thermal-plastic polyurethane (TPU)polymer in order to form a suitable composite for electromagnetic wave absorber in a frequency range from 2.0 to 15.0 GHz. The effect of particle size on the reflection loss was investigated by comparing nanosized and microsized powders. The reflection loss as a function of frequency ( f ), thickness of the absorber(d), the real and imaginary part of permittivity (ε’ /ε”) and the real and imaginary part of permeability (μ’/μ”) were obtained by calculation using the Bruggeman effective medium theory. The effect of Co2+, Cu2+, and Mg2+ on the reflection loss was also studied.
Authors: Yiming Li
Abstract: Quantum correction model features the correction of the inversion layer charge on different classical transport models in semiconductor device simulation. This approach has successfully been of great interest in the recent years. Considering a metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) structure in this paper, the Hänsch, the modified local density approximation (MLDA), the density-gradient (DG), the effective potential (EP), and our models are investigated computationally and compared systematically with the result of the Schrödinger-Poisson (SP) model. In terms of the accuracy for (1) the position of the charge concentration peak, (2) the maximum of the charge concentration, (3)the total inversion charge sheet density, and (4) the average inversion charge depth, these well-established models are examined simultaneously. The DG model requires the solution of a boundary value problem, the EP model overestimates the position of the charge concentration peak and the maximum of the charge concentration, our explicit model demonstrates good accuracy among models.
Authors: K.M.A. Hossain, M. Lachemi
Abstract: Volcanic Pumice (VP) is found abundantly in various parts of the world. In this study, VP from East New Britain province of Papua New Guinea is investigated and assessed for its industrial utilization. The manufacturing of heat-insulating lightweight concrete, building blocks or composites using VP is of prime importance as an energy saver. The utilization of VP as a heatinsulating material is tested and the results are found to satisfy the ASTM requirements. This fact suggests that VP could be utilized in the manufacture of composite building blocks or concrete. Acoustic performance of composite building floors with lightweight volcanic pumice concrete (VPC) is also described based on the performance of normal concrete (NC) and Code based requirements. The performance of VPC and NC composite floors is judged based on Sound Transmission Class (STC) or Impact Insulation Class (IIC) values. VPC composite floors exhibit better acoustic performance than their NC counterparts and seem to achieve the requirements of Codes of various countries.
Authors: Rafal Michalski, Ryszard J. Radwanski
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the effectiveness of the calculation method, which takes into consideration the electrostatic ligands field as well as the the magnetic interactions. Our calculations method based on crystal field (CEF) together with the Zeeman effect in one Hamiltonian and allows calculating many of the temperature dependencies of the magnetic and electronic properties of the rare earth compounds. The result of the calculations shows the accuracy of the approach even for the intermetallic compounds. The obtained results for calculations of the compounds of the family in RERu2Si2 (RE – rare-earth element) are fully confirmed the experimental data such as: the easy magnetic direction of all the analyzed compounds, the thermal dependencies of magnetic properties; in particular the giant magnetocrystalline anisotropy of PrRu2S2 with the calculated anisotropy field BA>400T, in-plain anisotropy of ErRu2Si2, the cause of difficulty in magnetic ordering of compounds TmRu2Si2 and YbRu2Si2 as well as effects and dependencies not foreseen before. In this paper we have put together the elementary calculated magnetic properties for the chosen compounds of RERu2Si2 in the paramagnetic region. All Calculations are on the basis of the calculating computer package BIREC 1.51.

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