Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation IV

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Authors: Mayu Muramatsu, Yuichi Tadano, Kazuyuki Shizawa
Abstract: A new recrystallization phase-field method is proposed, in which the three stages of recrystallization phenomena, i.e., recovery, nucleation and nucleus growth are sequentially taken into account in a computation. From the information of subgrain patterns and crystal orientations in a polycrystal that are obtained by a dislocation-crystal plasticity FE analysis based on a reaction-diffusion model, subgrain groups surrounded by high angle boundary are found out. Next, subgrains in the group are coalesced into a nucleus by rotation of crystal orientation and migration of subgrain boundaries through a phase-field simulation. Then a computation of nucleus growth is performed also using the phase-field method on account of an autonomic incubation period of nucleation, in which stored dislocation energy assumes a role of driving force. It is shown that the present method can numerically reproduce the three stages of recrystallization as a sequence of computational procedure.
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Authors: Andrey Molotnikov
Abstract: An analytical model describing the deformation behaviour of copper during the high-pressure torsion (HPT) processing is presented. The model was developed on the microstructural basis where the material is partitioned in two ‘phases’, the dislocation densities in cell walls and the dislocation densities cell interior, entering the model as scalar internal variables. The resulting ’phase mixture’ model is combined with strain gradient theory to account for strain non-uniformity inherent in SPD. It was demonstrated that gradient plasticity model is capable of describing the experimentally observed trends and accounting for a homogenisation of the accumulated shear strain across the HPT sample. The predictions of the model with respect to the ultrafine grain size produced by HPT and evolution of dislocation densities are in good agreement with experimental results reported by other research groups.
1051
Authors: Yoshiteru Aoyagi, Naohiro Horibe, Kazuyuki Shizawa
Abstract: In this study, we develop a multiscale crystal plasticity model that represents evolution of dislocation structure on formation process of ultrafine-grained metal based both on dislocation patterning and geometrically necessary dislocation accumulation. A computation on the processes of ultrafine-graining, i.e., generation of dislocation cell and subgrain patterns, evolution of dense dislocation walls, its transition to micro-bands and lamellar dislocation structure and formation of subdivision surrounded by high angle boundaries, is performed by use of the present model. Dislocation patterning depending on activity of slip systems is reproduced introducing slip rate of each slip system into reaction-diffusion equations governing self-organization of dislocation structure and increasing immobilizing rate of dislocation with activation of the secondary slip system. In addition, we investigate the effect of active slip systems to the processes of fine-graining by using the pseudo-three-dimensional model with twelve slip systems of FCC metal.
1057
Authors: Tetsuya Ohashi, Ryota Tsugawa, Tomotaka Ogasawara
Abstract: Macroscopic mechanical response of metal polycrystal with mean grain diameter of 0.2 to 5 microns are simulated by a strain gradient crystal plasticity software code which incorporates some phenomenological models for dislocation accumulation and annihilation, as well as dislocation-grain boundary interactions. Obtained results of macroscopic stress-strain relation show significant increase of yield stress and strain hardening ratio for fine grained specimens.
1063
Authors: Igor V. Alexandrov
Abstract: The results of a recent multiscale computer modeling are presented in this report. The conducted investigations are devoted to the processes, which take place in different metallic materials subjected to severe plastic deformation (SPD). It is presented that the developed models and approaches can be useful in the successful prediction and comprehensive analysis of the peculiarities of material flow and the ways of its homogenization, the understanding of principles of grain structure refinement, the achievement of given grain morphology, grain boundary misorientation spectrum and crystallographic texture, as well as in the evaluation of the active deformation mechanisms, estimating the level of structure-sensitive properties, etc. It is shown that multiscale modeling is a very promising approach which could supply the researchers with the possibility to take into account the complex influence of the different parameters, related to SPD processing and material in order to refine the grain size and obtain homogeneous bulk nanostructured materials.
1069
Authors: Aleksandr V. Belevich, D.M. Babin
Abstract: Object of researches in the given paper is the technological process of obtaining from carbon steel method equal-channel angular extrusion (ECAE) on one pass. The purpose of theoretical research is the working of recomdations on projection of the process with the help of a designed technique of simulation of process ECAE in CAE systems. Calculations were done under variable conditions ECAE over the range changes of parameters: a corner of intersection of channels Ф from 90 up to 150 grades, speed of driving press from 0,05 m/s up to 0,2 m/s, temperature from 20°С up to 600°С. As a result quantitative links of local parameters (stresses, strains and temperature) are established with geometrical and technological ECAE parameters to one separate pass. Regularities of change of parameters to ECAE process of cylindrical preforms in diameter of 20 mm and 30 mm are established (steel 0,15%С), are investigated; character of change of a tension in the instrument and power conditions of the process was studied.
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