Solid State Phenomena
In recent years, bulk and graded nanometals have attracted the growing interest of materials scientists. Nanometals can be obtained by using various methods: gas condensation or ball-milling with subsequent consolidation, thermal spray techniques, annealing of thin amorphous ribbons and severe plastic deformation. The plastic deformation methods include severe torsional straining under high pressures, equal channel angular pressing, cyclic extrusion compression - and others.
Research and development in the field of nanomaterials - thin films, nanowires, nanocrystals and nanostructured bulk materials - has increased very rapidly during recent years. Especially significant has been research in which the structure is closely controlled at the nanometer level in order to achieve the desired functional properties.
Important discoveries have been made, including quantum dots, confinement effects and super-emission, and the prospects for rapid development in these areas are very promising. The results of much of the basic research have been the basis of an astonishing rate of progress in microelectronics. It is therefore expected that the study and development of nanomaterials will provide a firm foundation for a major increase in the number of advanced technologies and for the development of new optoelectronics and photonic devices.
This volume comprises the proceedings of the 6th international conference on Self-Formation Theory and Applications.
This volume is a collection of papers presented at the 10th International Autumn Meeting on "Gettering and Defect Engineering in Semiconductor Technology - GADEST 2003," which took place from the 21st to the 26th of September 2003 at the Seehotel Zeuthen, in the state of Brandenburg, Germany. The Seehotel Zeuthen, near Berlin, was an excellent location at which to provide a forum for interactions between scientists and engineers engaged in the field of semiconductor defect physics, materials science and technology; and to reflect upon aspects of the coming era of conversion from micro-electronics to nano-electronics. In addition, a particular ambition was to strengthen the interactions and exchanges between communities working in the fields of crystalline silicon for electronics and photovoltaics.
The aim of this book is to review recent progress in the understanding of the new properties, or unusual combinations of properties, possessed by nanostructured materials; with particular emphasis being placed on interfacial effects.
This book comprises the over 100 contributions that were presented at the International Conference on Polycrystalline Semiconductors which took place from September 10 to 13, 2002, in Nara, Japan.
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
This covered studies of Si-surface chemistry and topography and its relationship to device performance and process yield, cleaning in relationship to new gate stacks, cleaning at the interconnect level, resist stripping and polymer removal, cleaning and contamination control of various new materials, wafer backside cleaning and cleaning following Chemical-Mechanical-Polishing (CMP).
This book features 100 refereed papers, grouped under the following six headings: Advanced Synthesis & Characterization Techniques of Materials, Structure & Electron Structure of Solids, Chemistry of Glasses, Novel Inorganic Materials, Layered Compounds, Clathrates & Intercalates, Deposited Films & Surface Chemistry.
This book comprises the proceedings of the Second International School on Mechanical Spectroscopy; presented here as invited lectures (Part I) and contributed papers (Part II). After having originated merely as a technique for the study of internal friction, mechanical spectroscopy has developed strongly, during the past decade, into a tool which is now indispensable for making advances in the creation of new materials. This book will therefore provide an excellent reference source for every researcher working in the field.