Solid State Phenomena
The recent utilization of nano-sized powders and porous materials has led to the expectation that it will lead to basic breakthrough solutions for prospective nanomaterial products offering high performance and multi-functionalism. For this reason, many industrial countries have financially supported nanostructured materials development and their use in technical innovation.
This collection of 86 peer-reviewed papers covers all aspects of the use of ultra-clean technology for large-scale integration on semiconductors, and cleaning and contamination-control in both front-end-of-line (FEOL) and back-end-of-line (BEOL) processing.
This collection comprises 117 peerreviewed papers invited from over 70 research institutions in more than 25 countries. These papers, written by internationally recognized experts in the field, review the current state-of-the-art and predict future trends in their respective authors’ fields of research. Fundamental aspects, as well as technological problems associated with defects in electronic materials and devices, are addressed
The goal of this collection is to provide the opportunity for researchers working in many different fields to showcase their latest achievements in the arena of structural studies, as applied to the materials commonly used in industry. Emphasis is placed on the methods and techniques used in structural studies, as well as on the structures and properties of divers materials including: metals and alloys, ceramics, polymers, quasicrystals, nanomaterials and thin films.
The inspiration for this book was to gather together the efforts of those physicists, materials scientists/engineers and other scientists who are carrying out interdisciplinary research into multiscale modelling of time-evolving phenomena in materials.
The production of nanopowders, and their applications in industrial and technological innovation, is an important and growing area of interest in the world of nanotechnology. It is widely recognized that the basic properties of nanopowders are strongly influenced by their shape, size, distribution and surface chemistry.
The 20th century was a period during which many new sciences and engineering techniques appeared and evolved, and were applied to industrial applications. Towards the end of that century, however, it was recognized that - in many cases - the industrial technologies that underpin current-day society suffered from wider sociogical deficiencies. The usual engineering approaches began to face many difficulties which arose from the high habitual levels of consumption of energy and resources.. Energy sources, and supplies of various resources, have already begun to diminish in the 21st century. These limitations on energy and resources require science and technology to adapt quickly to this new regimen.
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
Over 460 papers have been selected, for this special issue, covering three main fields: Electronic Materials Processing and Fabrication, Development of Functional Materials, and Nano and Structural Materials., These are the essential foundations of the NanoMaterials currently undergoing research and development.
Nanotechnology has been a priority research field in many countries, because new discoveries in this field have the potential power to unravel new phenomena and new principles of materials use. This collection of knowledge concerning frontier issues in nanotechnology will aid the further promotion of the integration of nanotechnology and industry.