Chemical Engineering and Material Properties III

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Authors: Da Long Qu, Zheng Song Zhang, Shou Zheng Yue, Run Da Guo, Ping Rui Yan, Yu Kun Wu, Yi Zhao
Abstract: We report on blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PHOLEDs) with biphenyl (Spiro [fluorene-9,9′-xanthen]-2-yl) phosphine oxide (SFX2PO) host. The device studied in this work has the structure of ITO/m-MTDATA:MoOx3:1(8nm)/m-MTDATA(32nm)/ TAPC(10nm)/SFX2PO: Firpic (10nm)/Bphen (40nm)/LiF(1nm)/Al (200nm). Maximum luminance of 9120 cd/m2 and power efficiency of 16.84 lm/w have been achieved in this device.
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Authors: Ming Jun Piao, Jia Ting Feng, Qian Nan Li, Sheng Nan Li, Xiao Ke Han, Xiang Guang Jin, Jiang Lei Hu, Long Zhang
Abstract: TiO2-organosilicone based hybrid catalysts functioned by Keggin-type heteropolyacid, TiO2-Si (Et)Si-H3PW12O40, were prepared via one-pot co-condensation method in the presence of a triblock copolymer surfactant (F127). The materials were well characterized by FT-IR, UV-vis DRS spectroscopy methods, and X-ray diffraction analysis to confirm the hybrid structure, to investigate correlation among TiO2-organosilicone matrix and H3PW12O40. Phtocatalytic tests show that, with a little amount of organosilicone and hybridization, the composite exhibits higher photocatalytic activity when decomposing the Rhodamine B ( RhB ) than anatase TiO2.
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Authors: Zhao Feng Li, Shu Cai Li, Zong Hui Zhou, Ren Tai Liu
Abstract: The mesophase (iron aluminate, etc.) in steel slag was extracted by potassium hydroxide-sucrose (KOSH) solution method. The effects of partical size of steel slag, temperature and time of extraction on dissolution of mesophase phase were studied. The composition and morphology of the residue were analyzed by XRD and SEM. The results show the mesophase in steel slag powders (the weight was and the fineness was) could be fully dissolved when 4.00 g sample with a fineness about 600m2/kg is used and extraction temperature is kept at 90 oC, however, other minerals in the steel slag could be hardly dissolved. The reason might be for that, in alkaline environment which provided by potassium hydroxide, the replacement of ions were took place between the mesophase in steel slag and the organic ligands formed by sugar and potassium hydroxide, and through the adsorption and polarization between ligand and steel slag surface, it will result in the decrease of activation energy of iron aluminate.
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Authors: Xiao Li Wang, Gong De Wu, Zhi Li Zhai, Yu Wei Dai
Abstract: A Mg–Al layered-double hydroxide (LDH) intercalated by sulphonato-salhen-chromium (III) complex was prepared and then used to the selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol by 30% H2O2. without any organic solvent, phase transfer catalyst or additive. The results revealed that the LDH hosted chromium complex exhibited much higher catalytic performance than its homogeneous analogue. Under the optimal reaction conditions, the highest conversion of benzyl alcohol reached 52.1%, with 100% of the selectivity to benzyldehyde.
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Authors: Yong Guang Bi, Xu Si Xu
Abstract: Papers with Ca (NO3) 2 • 4H2O and (NH4) 2HPO4 as raw material, prepared by ionic liquids assisted nanoHAP, resulting hexagonal nanoHAP are crystal grain size are 10-20nm level, are smaller nanometer range ; specific surface area, the findings show that ionic liquids have the technology to promote the significance of the preparation method can provide a reference for large-scale preparation of biomedical nanomaterials.
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Authors: Ling Yun Bai, Hong Hua Zhang, Huai Shu Zhang, Yun Xiang Zheng, Jun Huai Xiang
Abstract: The cyclic oxidation behavior of Co-10Cr-5Al alloys with and without 0.3 at% Y doped in atmosphere at 800 oC was investigated. The addition of 0.3 at.% Y increased the oxidation rate of the alloy and changed the oxidation mechanism. The scales grown the alloys with and without Y were both composed of an outer Co2O3 layer and an inner complex layer of Al2O3, Co2O3 and Cr2O3, except that the addition of 0.3 at% Y enhanced the adhesion of the scale. 0.3 at% Y agglomerated in local zone which accelerated the oxidation rate and was not conductive to the oxidation process of the Co-10Cr-5Al alloy.
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Authors: Feng Pan, Zai Yuan Li, Chun Ji Li
Abstract: This paper studies on the thermal analysis kinetics of nanometer powders ethanol desorption process.The DTA-TG-DTG curves obtain by SDT 2960 Simultaneous DSC-TGA analysis apparatus. Under the condition of N2 atmosphere operation and rise temperature velocity was 10°C·min-1. The mechanism function is used to calculate the kinetics factors. Reaction progression n was obtained by calculation of the kissinger peak shape factor method. The results showed that the apparent activation energy of nano-Ni(OH)2 was 73.210 kJ·mol-1, the pre-exponential factor was 2.349×1012, the reaction progression was obtained as 1.2767, the kinetic equation is
509
Authors: Yu Tan, Wan Wan Wang, Sheng Han Zhang, Ke Xin Liang
Abstract: A transient photoelectrochemical analysis method is improved to investigate the semiconductor properties of oxide films on stainless steel 316L oxidized in high-temperature water. A minute amount of ZnO was added to the high-temperature water environment to alter the semiconductor properties of the oxide film deposited on stainless steel 316L. Characteristic phases in the oxide were investigated using the improved photoelectrochemical analysis method, and the semiconductor properties of the oxide film on stainless steel 316L suggested the presence of an n-type semiconductor. The photoelectrochemical dephasing angle showed movement of the flat band potential in the negative direction after ZnO addition.
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Authors: Xu Xin Cheng, Zhao Xiong Zhao, Dong Xiang Zhou, Qiu Yun Fu
Abstract: We investigated the effect of the donor-doped content on the positive temperature coefficient of resistivity (PTCR) of (Ba1-xSmx)TiO3 (BST) Based Ceramics that were sintered at 1300 °C for 30 min in a reducing atmosphere and re-oxidized at 850 °C for 1 h. The results indicated that the resistance jump first increased and then decreased with an increase of the donor-doped concentration. Moreover, the specimens achieved a low room temperature resistivity of 383.1 Ω·cm at a donor-doped content and exhibited a pronounced PTCR characteristics with a resistance jump of 3.1 orders of magnitude. Furthermore, the RT reisistivity of the samples reduced and increased with the increasing of the donor-dopant content in the range of 0.1−0.5 mol% Sm3+. In addition, the effect of the Sm3+-doped concentration on the grain size of the ceramics was investigated in our paper.
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Authors: Qiang Zhang, Ping Jun Hu, Qiang Luo, Yi Qiu, Zeng Ling Ran
Abstract: Using the first principles method, which is based on the density function theory (DFT), the structures and electronic properties for different concentration of H2S are adsorbed on the Fe (100) surface, and their molecular orbital and absorption energies were calculated with the generalized gradient approximation. The results show that, whether one or two molecules of H2S adsorpted Fe (100) surface, adsorption of single molecules Fe (100) surface partial density of states between pure Fe (100) and two molecules, and the total density of states is mainly composed of 3d electronic contribution.
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