Micro-Bubble Generation Using Continuous-Wave Laser
This paper describes the design of a novel bubble generation technique and analyzes the impacts of different factors (e.g. power density of laser source, pad geometry and category of liquid) on the bubble generation. The bubble could be generated on the substrate at any point of interest where the metal pad covered. By controlling the work time and tuning power of laser source, the size of bubble could also be adjusted.
Lynn Khine and Julius M. Tsai
A. Q. Jian et al., "Micro-Bubble Generation Using Continuous-Wave Laser", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 254, pp. 215-218, 2011