Abstract: The forming process of aircraft hydraulic pipe joints is investigated through experiments and analyses to solve the cracking problem of pipe sleeve on extrusion flare-less pipe joints. It can be concluded that the internal cause of the fracture failure is connected with the content, shape and distribution of δ-ferrite in 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al high strength stainless steel, and the external cause is associated with the bearing behavior in the extrusion-bulging process of pipe sleeve. The crack is formed in the criss-crossing section of δ-ferrite on the function of shear stress in the stress concentration position, which belongs to ductile deformed crack. It eventually induces the intergranular fracture of pipe sleeve along the long axis with the expanding of subsequent crack.
Abstract: It is shown that the discreteness of the chemical compositions of 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al steel is large and the range of the Cr/Ni equivalent ratio is wide, which has big impact on the content and morphology of ferrite and easy to occur cracking phenomenon when bearing, based on the chemical compositions analysis of pipe sleeve on aircraft flare-less pipe joints. It can be found that the chemical compositions of cracked pipe sleeve are almost meeting the requirements, but the Cr/Ni equivalent ratio is on the high side. So it can be concluded that the fracture failure of pipe sleeve is closely related to the content, shape and distribution of δ-ferrite. Thus, the available solution of the cracking in 0Cr12Mn5Ni4Mo3Al stainless steel pipe sleeve is to reduce the Cr/Ni equivalent ratio within the permissive of nominal chemical compositions and adjust the hot working process to form the reasonable morphology and distribution of δ-ferrite.
Abstract: Starting from the analysis of stresses on narrow side shell, based the principle that the stresses of narrow side shell will be less than the hot strength of cast steel grade, the maximum rate of displacement in course of freely bulging under hydrostatic pressure is deduced in this paper. And the speed of width adjustment is set based on which. Meanwhile the strain on wide side shell in width adjustment process is calculated. According to critical strain hypothesis, after investigation a proper casting speed is set to make the strain of wide side shell less than the critical strain and so to ensure the shell thickness in exit of mold meeting with production requirements.
Abstract: When food contamination problems occur, one of the first priorities is adsorption to any volatile or semivolatile organic chemicals in packaging materials. In this contribution the adsorption behaviour of modified polypropylene composites containing nano-silica is reported. The nano silica can increase the polarity of PP and decrease more volatile solvent residue of ethyl acetate in CPP film. If lower volatile solvent used in print ink or adhesive, load of nano silica can decrease solvent residue too, when a lesser decrease is happen in crystallinity of modified PP. The nano modification process is able to produce more safe food packaging materials, but must consider the load of nanosilica.
Abstract: The report treats of the low cycle fatigue (LCF) behaviour of GX12CrMoVNbN9-1 (GP91) cast steel after heat treatment (1040°C/12h/oil + 760°C/12h/air + 750°C/8h/furnace). Fatigue tests were carried out at room temperature for five levels of the controlled total strain amplitude εac = 0.25, 0.30, 0.35, 0.50 and 0.60 %. The research performed within the scope of LCF has shown in general that the investigated cast steel was subject to strong cyclic weakening, revealing no stabilization period at the same time. At the final stage of fatigue there was quick weakening of the material which proceeded till its destruction. The growth of amplitude εac resulted in reducing the number of cycles till the destruction stage.
Abstract: In railway transportation, the press fit of wheel and axle is typically causing fretting damage and it is also an important issue relative to the safety of railway. To examine the fretting damage of the interference fit of wheel and axle the fretting fatigue test under 4-point rotating bending loads is carried out based on samples, as well as the fretting fatigue damage rule is studied. The test results show that the fretting causes the fatigue limit to decrease significantly and all of the fracture sections occur at the contact edges of the fitting zone with the sleeve.
Abstract: Investigation shows that one of the failure modes of HDPE pipe is the crack slowly grows across the thick direction and leads to failure at last. So that it is very important to study the resistance to crack initiation properties of HDPE pipe and its butt-fusion welded joint. The J-integral is applied to character the fracture initiation of a tough polymer for which the concept of linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) are inapplicable for reasonably sized specimen due to extensive plasticity. In this paper, the multiple specimen resistance curve technique was employed for J-integral. The normal single side notched three-point bend (3PB) specimen was used to study the characteristic fracture parameter of high-density polyethylene pipe and its butt-fusion joints at different temperature. Testing results show that values of characteristic fracture parameter are affected by the welding process and experimental temperature respectively. The toughness value of HDPE butt-fusion joint is lowered than that of HDPE pipe. With the temperature decreasing, the toughness value of HDPE pipe and Butt-fusion welded joint decrease. And the same time testing results also show that J-integral can describe the fracture character of high-density polyethylene exactly. Testing results can be used for the engineering design and failure analysis of HDPE pipe.
Abstract: Influences of aging on the creep rupture properties of super-clean 9%CrMoV steel and 1%CrMoV steel, the heat resistant steels for steam turbine rotors of thermal power plants, are investigated. Using the as-received and the aging-treated materials of the two steels, creep rupture tests are carried out at 566°C. Creep rupture lives, creep fracture modes as well as the microstructural changes of the specimens are examined. It is made clear that the creep strength and the microstructural stability of super-clean 9%CrMoV steel are superior to those of 1%CrMoV steel in long-term services.
Abstract: In the paper, fractal geometry is used to study the crack evolving process of reinforce concrete beams. The fractal dimensions on surface of the reinforced concrete beam and the mechanical properties of the beam have the linear relationships perfectly. In order to compare the accuracy of the fractal dimensions, box counting method and the digital image box method in practical engineering are used to calculate the fractal dimension separately. The advantages and the disadvantages of these methods are analyzed. And the calculating conditions of these two methods are obtained. The research result gives a better way for determining the fractal dimension of the cracks on the reinforced concrete beam.
Abstract: By electronic universal testing machine and Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar, the mechanical properties data of Fe-36Ni invar alloy are gained at a range of temperature from 20°C to 800°C and strain rate from 10-3 /s to 104/s. An improved Johnson-Cook model is presented to describe the mechanical behavior of Fe-36Ni invar alloy at high temperature and high strain rate, and verified by experimental results.