Sustainable Development of Industry and Economy

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Authors: Maria Rosaria Guarini, Fabrizio Battisti
Abstract: The global economic crisis has caused a sharp contraction in many Italian productive sectors, with the construction industry experiencing a decline of about 22% over the last few years (2009-2013). In the residential property market, sale prices for houses have fallen by 40% and rental prices by 30% [. Despite a greater supply of housing at lower prices, there remains a significant demand for low-cost housing from lower-middle-income families, young couples, single-parent families and from non-resident and foreign university students. This is also due to the lack of public resources to create substantial policies to support social housing construction. Social Housing (SH) programmes, with joint financial support from public and private stakeholders, are aimed at responding to the demand for accommodation for rent at social rates, for sale at concessionary prices and/or for rent (with or without redemption) at controlled rates. At the same time, especially in large cities, there is a continuing need to initiate processes for the redevelopment of numerous public and private residential building complexes in brownfield sites that have become functionally obsolete and dilapidated. The implementation of urban and building redevelopment programmes in this situation requires the definition of management models and methods for assessing the financial sustainability of such programmes. This article, based on a contextual analysis of these market segments, outlines a methodological approach, tested on a restructuring proposal for the Corviale (Rome) building-city housing development, to assess the financial sustainability of redevelopment projects on brownfield sites, providing a new range of functions that include housing, student residences and services.
Authors: Pierluigi Morano, Benedetto Manganelli
Abstract: The estimated market value of a building site can be determined from several practical reasons. Amongst the various cases, it may be required to determine the market value of the building site aggregated into homogeneous areas, as occurs in the estimates carried out for tax purposes, in the assessments related to the construction of public facilities or infrastructure and urban regeneration interventions related to whole degraded environments. The process outlined in this paper is instrumental to these goals. The method uses an indirect approach to estimate, based on a combination of planning parameters and characteristics of the area that contribute to the formation of market values of building sites. It does not provide a point estimate, relative to assets specifically identified, but produces average market values of the building sites to separate homogeneous areas, for intended use and for building ratio.
Authors: Ting Ting Yin, Wei Guan
Abstract: This article discusses the purpose and importance of the assessment on the serving state of the critical equipment of Urban Transit Station primarily. According to the complexity, reliability, control system, working mode and the way passengers effect on of different equipment, this article chooses escalator, shielded gate and AFC by the importance to analyze comprehensively the factors that effect on the critical equipment of urban transit station to come up with the assessing index that can be measured, statistically analyzed, calculated to establish relevant index system of the safety assessment on the critical equipment of urban transit station. This article also introduces the theoretical foundation and assessment procedure of DHGF method, and gives a case to conduct example verification.
Authors: Guo Dong Yan, Jin Feng Chu
Abstract: The 12th Five-year Plan for the Development of Tourism Industry in Shanghai emphasized that Shanghai should be built into a world-class tourism city, However, Shanghai is still some way from becoming a world famous tourism city, so, this paper explores the strengths and bottlenecks of Shanghai in its efforts of building into a world famous tourism city based on the analysis of the development driving models of the world famous tourism cities, and proposes the corresponding countermeasures, aiming to shed light on how to improve the international competitiveness and influence of the tourism industry in Shanghai and build Shanghai into a world famous tourism city
Authors: Qing Min Yuan, Cong Cong Qin, Dong Feng
Abstract: Apply Niche Theory to give a comprehensive analysis of the marine industry niche present status. Explain marine economic development situation and overall features in coastal provinces from three perspectives of niche strength, niche width and niche overlap, specifically using biology quantitative models: Shannon-Wiener index and Pianka formula etc. Ultimately, based on the marine industry niche quantitative analysis and evaluation, the industrial structure and general characteristics of marine economy development in coastal provinces in China can be exactly explained.
Authors: Ling Ma, Wei Lun Wu, Dong Xue Zhang
Abstract: From the view of sustainable development, the evaluation model of the real estate industry development was constructed based on literature research. 20 initial indexes were chosen as evaluation indexes of the of real estate industry development. The indicator data of 32 provinces in China was collected and processed. Through EFA and CFA of the model, the 3-dimension evaluation index system with 10 indexes was formed with good reliability and validity. Finally, the relevant management strategy was proposed. The evaluation index system has important application value to evaluate and monitor the sustainable development of the real estate industry.
Authors: Francesco Calabrò, Lucia Della Spina
Abstract: Available resources to public policies are always limited: those intended for culture, too often considered non-essential to the development of the community, they are often essential in particular way. Ignoring the economic value of cultural resources, their conservation, costs and total benefits of cultural policies and investment projects with a strong cultural component, can lead to non-optimal allocation of resources, to degradation of cultural capital and to failure to exploit opportunities for development.Another important aspect is the use of resources for the physical recovery and reuse of assets, without adequate attention to the phase of management: too often you find yourself with assets recovered but unused due to the lack of resources for management. A method tested recently is the involvement of private companies in these activities: in economically stronger and more advanced realities, the size of the most significant tourist flows allows to reach levels of return on investment and so makes this a feasible solution.Cultural resources in the rural settings of the most economically disadvantaged areas are characterized by a not elevated number of visitors not spread in the same way throughout the whole year: in these conditions, because of their different costs structures, a company may not have sufficient profit margins, but a private non-profit organizations can achieve a balanced budget that allows the usability of assets of fundamental importance into development strategies based on cultural tourism.This paper focuses on the main economic appraisal aspects and illustrates a management model, economically sustainable, for the tourist value of cultural and environmental resources, particularly suitable to be applied in rural contexts and in economically disadvantaged realities; the analyzed case study is indeed located in Gerace, ionic inland town of Calabria, region of southern Italy.
Authors: Ying Yi Cao, Hai Ying Ma
Abstract: This paper analyzes the evolution and characteristics of economic spatial structure and three-industry spatial pattern in Gansu province, using data since 1995 and Arcview software. The results show that since 1995, there is no significant changes in Gansu economic spatial structure, but a "unipolar nuclear" economic structure as Lanzhou a pole. Its industrial structure has been gradually optimized, the industrial development is the main engine of economic growth, the inherent connection and the coupling relationship between the mineral resources distribution and industrialization is also an important reason of the formation and evolution of Gansu economic spatial structure.
Authors: Yong Hua Fan
Abstract: Color design is an important content of urban road landscape design. In this paper, we introduce the color categories and color design principles of urban road landscape, and discuss the key points for color design of all parts that form urban road landscape.

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