Abstract: The high temperature deformation behavior of AISI 430 ferritic stainless steel has been studied over a temperature range of 800 to 1000°C and strain rate of 0.05-5.0/sec. The evolution of flow stress and microstructures showed the characteristics of continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX). The flow stress curves gradually decreased with increasing strain over the peak stress until 500% of strain without any steady state shown in typical austenitic stainless steel. Sub-grains of low angle firstly formed along the original high angle grain boundary were propagated into the inside of original grain and transformed to high angle. The CDRX grain sizes of AISI 430 deformed at 1000 °C and 0.5/sec was about 30-35㎛.
Abstract: The hot deformation behavior of a low carbon Nb-microalloyed steel is investigated by hot compression test in the ferrite phase region compared with a low carbon steel with similar compositions, and the effect of Nb on dynamic recrystallization of ferrite is analyzed. Results indicate that during hot deformation in the ferrite phase region, the effect of Nb solely depends on the size of NbC precipitates. Tiny particles which average size is about 7.5nm have a retarding effect on dynamic recrystallization process of ferrite, on the contrary, coarser particles which average size is about 30.6nm have a promoting effect and are of benefit to the refinement of recrystallized grains.
Abstract: The recrystallization behavior of high strength automobile steel sheets (ZJ590L) developed by CSP technology is studied in this paper. The effect of the deformation temperature, reduction on the austenite grain size and the recrystallized fraction of ZJ590L steel during hot deformation has been investigated. Technique of test and analysis includes preparing stepped test piece and quantitative metallograph. The mechanism of austenite microstructure refinement has been discussed, which provides valuable references to set parameters of controlled rolling and controlled cooling process. The analysis shows that the austenite grain size fines with the increase of deformation temperature and reduction, and the recrystallized fraction increases. When the deformation temperature is above 1000°C and reduction exceeds 40%, complete recrystallization can be obtained.
Abstract: We have investigated the static and metadynamic behaviour of the interstitial free steels and in particular the effects of the steeling elements (phosphorous and boron) on kinetics of recrystallisation. The results showed that the strain for the initiation of strain independent softening (often referred to as metadynamic recrystallisation) varies with the Zener-Hollomon parameter and steel composition. Strain rate had a strong influence on kinetics of metadynamic recrystallisation. An
increase in temperature from 930oC to 1100oC led to a decrease in time for 50% softening (about one order of magnitude) in the SRX region. However, for the same temperature range, the time for 50% MDRX did not change significantly.
Abstract: Texture evolutions are determined by XRD and EBSD techniques during ferrite
refinement through deformation-enhanced ferrite transformation (DEFT) and dynamic recrystallization (DREX). Evidences of transformation texture, deformation texture and recrystallization texture during DEFT are provided and compared with the texture during DREX. The influence of pass-interval during DEFT on texture is illustrated. Results are discussed in terms of the influences of ferrite grain size and deforming temperature.
Abstract: A constitutive relation is proposed in this study by introducing a function prescrbing the volume fraction of dynamically recrystallized grains into the Voce’s equation to predict the stress-strain relations for three microalloyed medium carbon steels. We performed hot torsion test in temperature range of 900-1100? and strain rate range of 0.05-5.0s-1 to obtain the flow stress-strain curves. The calculated flow stresses are in good agreement with the measured ones. We have then applied the equations in FE analysis to predict the distribution of dynamic recrystallization volume fraction and flow stress for hot forging.
Abstract: Recrystallization behaviors have been investigated with respect to two different kinds of the initial structures, original austenite and martensite, in an Fe-32%Ni alloy. The recrystallized austenite grain size from the martensite is much smaller than that from the original austenite, and decreases linearly with increasing the initial hardness, independent of the initial structure. The recrystallization sequences are different between the two structures: only one step due to recrystallization appears in hardness-temperature curve of the original austenite, whereas two steps
corresponding to reverse transformation of α’ to r’ and recrystallization are shown in that of the martensite.
Abstract: Transformation-induced-plasticity (TRIP) –aided steels are a promising solution for producing lighter, crash-resistant car bodies, due to their high-strength and large uniform elongation. The influences of the austempering temperature and time on the microstructure mechanical properties and the transformation behavior of a Si-Mn TRIP steel are investigated in this paper.
Abstract: Secondary hardening and fracture behavior in the high Co-Ni steels containing W, has been studied in terms of severe deformation, Cr addition, and austenite condition. Two kinds of Co- Ni steels, containing the only W(W steel), and the W and Cr(WCr steel), were severely rolled and followed by direct quenching(DQ). In comparison with undeformed specimens, reaustenitizing( RA) was performed. DQ specimens exhibited higher impact toughness as well as higher hardness, as compared to RA specimens. The aging kinetics of the WCr steel was
accelerated due to the Cr addition. While the W steel showed the intergranular embrittlement in the high temperature RA condition, in addition, the WCr steel exhibited the transgranular mode of mostly dimple type.