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Authors: Wei Min Zhou, Yan Liu, Bohong Jiang, Xuan Qi
Abstract: Co-Ni alloys exhibit g(fcc)®e(hcp) martensitic transformation and show reversible induced strain under applied magnetic field, which means they are potential magneto-shape-memory materials. Polystalline of Co-Ni alloys with varied Ni content were prepared. The g(fcc)®e(hcp) martensitic transformation and shape memory effect (SME) of Co-Ni alloy were studied. The influences of Ni content and deformation temperature on SME were discussed. The shape recovery rate and recoverable strain decrease with the increase of Ni content.
Authors: F.B. Meng, Yang Xian Li, H.Y. Liu, J.P. Qu, M. Zhang, G.D. Liu, Z.H. Liu, X.F. Dai, J.L. Chen, G.H. Wu
Abstract: The martensitic transformation in Co50Ni20Ga30 ribbon has been characterized in detail by means of X-ray diffraction and magnetic measurements. The sample showed a structural transition from the body-centered cubic with indexed lattice parameters of a=5.743 Å to martensite with a tetragonal structure with lattice parameters of a=b=5.422 Å and c=6.401 Å. (c/a>1). By comparing the results of the diffraction intensity and the magnetic susceptibility measurements, we found that the proceeding of the martensitic transformation can be divided into several different steps during cooling from 283 K to 213 K. During heating from 673 K to 833 K, the peak width became very wide and the intensity became very low. It reveals an order-disorder transformation.
Authors: M. Tomozawa, K. Okutsu, Hee Young Kim, Shuichi Miyazaki
Abstract: Dynamic actuation properties of two types of high-speed microactuators utilizing Ti-Ni-based thin films were investigated. One type is a microactuator utilizing a Ti-Ni-Pd thin film which has high transformation temperatures. Cooling rate of a microactuator increases with increasing temperature difference between transformation and atmosphere temperatures, thus the increase in transformation temperature is effective to increase the actuation response. The other type is a microactuator using R-phase transformation of a Ti-Ni thin film which has a narrow transformation temperature hysteresis. The narrow transformation temperature hysteresis of the R-phase transformation is effective to increase the actuation response. Both types of actuators are promising for high response applications. The working frequency of the microactuators reached 100Hz in the two types of microactuators utilizing the martensitic transformation of the Ti-Ni-Pd thin film and the R-phase transformation of the Ti-Ni thin film.
Authors: Seung Hoon Nahm, Young Joo Kim, Jeong Min Kim, Dong Jin Yoon
Abstract: When the shape memory alloy(SMA) completely consists of austenite phase that shows the super-elastic property, if the external energies, such as stress, crack, propagation and lamination, etc. are increased in this alloy until the austenite phase was transformed into the martensite phase, they are enough to change the mean free path of electrons correlated with the electrical resistivity of materials in the microscopic point of view. On the basis of the above concept, we carried out the feasible study for SMA wire as a strain sensor using the super-elastic property of SMA. The SMA wires of diameter 41 ㎛ were utilized for a sensor material. The relationship between electrical resistivity and tensile properties of the Ni-Ti based SMA wires during tensile loading was investigated. Since the strain is very sensitive to the minute change of electrical resistance of SMA wire, it is possible to use the SMA wire as a sensor of such physical quantities. In the study, the possibility for the application of Ni-Ti SMA wire as a sensor was investigated. The sensing system was able to measure the strain up to 6 % with 0.22 % measuring error. The sensitivity described by the ratio of electrical resistivity showed 0.00005.
Authors: Yan Jun Zheng, Li Shan Cui, Jan Schrooten
Abstract: There are only limited ways to improve the interface bond strength of SMA wire reinforced composites. In this paper, the effect of the additional reinforcing fibers on the interface debond temperature of a TiNiCu wire reinforced epoxy matrix composite was studied. It was shown that the Kevlar fiber composite had a better interface between the TiNiCu wire and the epoxy matrix than that in the glass fiber composite. The negative thermal expansion coefficient of the Kevlar fibers were thought to be beneficial for relieving the thermal stresses at the SMA/epoxy interface. From this angle of view, the Kevlar fiber composites are better candidates as the matrix of the SMA composites than the glass fiber composites.
Authors: P. Shi, Li Shan Cui, Da Zhi Yang
Abstract: The Ti50Ni25Cu25 particle/Al composite was fabricated with 30 vol.% Ti50Ni25Cu25 particles by hot pressing and followed by extruding methods. The internal friction (IF) measurements of the composite were carried out on an inverted torsion pendulum. Ti50Ni25Cu25 particles embedded in Al matrix improve the damping capacity of the composite. The internal friction behavior of Ti50Ni25Cu25 particles is consistent to that of the Ti50Ni25Cu25 bulk material. The mismatch of thermal expansion coefficients between Ti50Ni25Cu25 and Al contributes to the damping capacity of the composite. A high damping capacity of the composite could be obtained at low vibration frequency and large vibration amplitude.
Authors: Hiromasa Semba, Nagatoshi Okabe, Toru Yamaji, Keisuke Okita, Kiyoshi Yamauchi
Abstract: The bellows formed of TiNi shape memory alloy (SMA) is proposed as a new type of seismic protection device. The bellows structure is known to have lower rigidity along the axial direction through effect of its shape. TiNi is known to be one of the most typical SMAs, which have high damping characteristics for dynamics engaged in its twin formation under martensite state and have the ability to recover completely from the large strain after unloaded and or heated. In this study, fundamental compressive behavior of TiNi bellows was investigated and discussed. Several shapes of TiNi single-stage bellows produced by rubber bulge method were prepared. They were heat-treated for some heat treatments and then examined on compression tests. Based on the results, the relationships among the bellows shapes and the stiffness, energy-absorbing capacity and so on were clarified. Finally, it was found from these results that single-stage bellows of TiNi SMA could be used as one of seismic protection devices.
Authors: Hiromasa Semba, Nagatoshi Okabe, Toru Yamaji, Keisuke Okita, Kiyoshi Yamauchi
Abstract: The bellows formed of TiNi shape memory alloy is proposed as a new type of seismic protection device. The bellows structure is known to have lower rigidity along the longitudinal direction through effect of its shape. On the other hand, TiNi is known to be one of the most typical shape memory alloys, which have high damping characteristics for dynamics engaged in its twin formation under martensite state and have the ability to recover completely from the large strain (even such as 8%) after unloaded and or heated. This paper describes a processing method of a single-stage bellows of TiNi shape memory alloy using rubber bulge method. Thin-walled TiNi tubes subjected to cold working were prepared. Several annealing conditions for the process were examined and the appropriate one was discussed. Then the rubber bulge method of displacement control was introduced. Finally, the procedure of the process including heat treatment was clarified.
Authors: Teppei Wakatsuki, Yoshimi Watanabe, Hiroshi Okada
Abstract: In previous studies, it has been found that the shape memory effect of the embedded straight and wavy shape memory alloy (SMA) fibers enhance the strength and energy absorption prior to fracture of the composite, where the embedded SMA fibers shrink due to their shape memory effect. In the case of wavy fiber reinforced composites, the SMA fibers were subjected to pre-tensile strain using fiber holder with rotatable rollers to maintain the constant periodicity and amplitude of wavy fibers. In this study, on the other hand, the wavy SMA fibers were subjected to pre-tensile strain without using fiber holder, and therefore, periodicity and amplitude of wavy fibers were varied during the deformation. Then the wavy SMA fiber reinforced smart composite is fabricated. For the mechanical property characterization, three-point bending test is performed for the specimens.
Authors: Hideki Hosoda, Shinsuke Takeuchi, Tomonari Inamura, Kenji Wakashima, Shuichi Miyazaki
Abstract: A new type of smart composite developed in our group was studied in terms of shape memory behavior. The smart composites were composed of NiMnGa ferromagnetic shape memory alloy particles (FSMAP) and a polymer matrix, where NiMnGa FSMAP will bring shape memory effect and the matrix polymer enhances ductility. Two kinds of NiMnGa were selected by taking the phase constitution into account (parent or martensite state at room temperature). The shape memory properties are reported in terms of transformation temperature, powder size, applied stress and heating/cooling rate. It was found that martensitic transformation temperatures of the smart composites obtained by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were almost equal to those of NiMnGa FSMAPs. The shape recovery of the composites was confirmed in the strain-temperature curves obtained by dynamic mechanical analysis. Clear shape change was recognized corresponding to the martensitic transformation temperatures. The shape memory properties depend on heating/cooling rate, particle size and applied stress. Lower heating/cooling rate and smaller particle size brings better shape memory properties. This is because thermal conductivity of polymer is low and the amount of defects such as pores introduced during curing decreases with decreasing particle size. The improvement of processing is needed to reduce material defects.

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