Abstract: The failure assessment for the defects in multiple corroded region has been considered with the real-size pipeline burst tests and the associated Finite Element Method. The corroded gas pipeline made of X65 steel with various types of artificially machined pits has been used for a number of series of burst tests on gas pipeline. The failure pressures for the designed multiple corroded defect on gas
pipelines have been measured by using in-situ burst testing and classified with respect to each designed defect sizes - length, width and depth - and distance between defects. The result from the experiments has been modeled and compared with Finite Element Method. As the result of FEM simulation, the failure pressure in multiple defects is lower than that in single defect, and closer to failure pressure in single defect of total length of defects in multiple defects as the distance between
each defect is closer.
Abstract: The dilute solution model is quite widely used because the chemical potential is more
easily defined than that in the sub-lattice model. In the present study, the thermodynamic model for the Fe-Mn-Si-Nb-Ti-V-C system was conducted by evaluating Wagner interaction parameters. The data used in this work was collected and modified by means of TCFE 2000-database in Thermo-Calc and up-to date references. The relationship of interaction parameters(L) in the sub-lattice model and Wagner interaction parameters in the dilute solution model was derived. The composition dependency of reference state and the higher order interaction parameters of the excess Gibbs energy were considered to evaluate Wagner interaction parameters. The equilibrium compositions of austenite and fractions of phases and the dissolution temperature of precipitates(NbC, VC, and TiC)
were evaluated by the dilute solution model and compared with the results by the sub-lattice model.
Abstract: The aging process of lead frame Cu-Cr-Sn-Zn alloy has only been studied empirically by trial-and-error method so far. This paper builds up the prediction model of the aging properties via a supervised artificial neural network(ANN) to model the non-linear relationship between parameters of aging process with respect to hardness and electrical conductivity properties of the alloy. The improved model is developed by the Levenberg- Marquardt training algorithm. The predicted
values of the ANN coincide with the tested data. So the ANN system is effective and successful for predicting and analyzing the properties of Cu-Cr-Sn-Zn alloy. The optimized processing parameters are available at 475 C ° -520 C ° aging for 2h-1h.
Abstract: A simple model based on the network simulation method is proposed to estimate
numerically the thermal conductivity of particulate reinforced metal-matrix composites. The estimation is carried out running the model in the standard Pspice code, the computing time being negligible. The 3-D solid is discretized in 1000 cubic volume elements which represent an acceptable approximation of the shape of the particles. For each reinforcement percentage and each combination of matrix and reinforcement more than 200 tests were carried out, so that the results may be
considered close to the exact values. The limit values are scarcely influenced by the effect of the 3-D geometry and basically depend on the amount of the reinforcement. Applications to aluminum and titanium matrix composites reinforced with different types of particles are presented covering a wide range of reinforcement percentages.
Abstract: Dissociated domain boundaries (DBs) attached to meta-dislocations have been found in a structurally complicated alloy phase (SCAP) of ξ'-Al-Pd-Mn. On the basis of HREM observations and theoretical simulation, a structure model of DBs is proposed. The displacement vector R for the DB is determined to be 1/2 [1, 0, 1/τ] with a length of 12.37 Å.
Abstract: The structural features of nano-sized atom clusters and their long-rang arrangement in the Al-Ni-Ru decagonal quasicrystal with 1.6 nm periodicity have been studied and compared with those in the Al-Pd-Mn decagonal quasicrystal on the basis of electron microscopy. From the perpendicular-space analysis of the tiling obtained in a wide region, we conclude that long-range arrangement of atom clusters in the Al-Ni-Ru decagonal quasicrystal with 1.6 nm periodicity can
form a Penrose-tiling-like quasiperiodic structure which is almost free of linear phase strain. In contrast, the tiling structure of the Al-Pd-Mn decagonal quasicrystal contains heavy phason strain. Our results clearly show that atom clusters formed in the Al-Ni-Ru decagonal quasicrystals and their linkage manner are completely different from those in the Al-Pd-Mn decagonal quasicrystal.
Abstract: Al-Cu-Fe-Cr quasicrystalline coating was deposited on a substrate of stainless steel by low-pressure plasma spraying (LPPS) method. The corrosion behavior of such coating was studied by polarization in 1mol/l H2SO4 and 0.1mol/l NaOH solutions at room temperature. The polarization curve shows that LPPS Al-Cu-Fe-Cr quasicrystalline coating can turn to passive state both in 1mol/l H2SO4 solution and in 0.1mol/l NaOH solution. The corrosion resistance of the coating is poorer than that of bulk quasicrystal in 0.1mol/l NaOH solution. Moreover, in strong acid
solution LPPS Al-Cu-Fe-Cr quasicrystalline coating has more corrosion resistance than 1Cr18Ni9Ti in some potential range ranging from -200mVSCE to -35mVSCE, but in strong alkaline solution the corrosion resistance of the coating is poorer than 1Cr18Ni9Ti.
Abstract: The microstructure of the Al-Mn(-Cu)-Be-Si alloys analyzed by X-ray diffraction and TEM consisted of icosahedral (i) quasicrystal particles embedded in aAl matrix. The conjoint addition of Si and Be elements enabled the i-phase formation in Æ10 mm specimens prepared by conventional casting technique. The size, volume fraction and stability of the i-phase were found to be dependent on the Mn content. The addition of 2 at.% Cu did not affect the formation and stability of the i-phase but
contributed significantly to the enhancement of the mechanical properties.
Abstract: The Schottky barrier height (SBH) of IrSi nanometer thin films prepared by pulsed laser deposition at room temperature and annealed at 600 °C has been studied. The SBH of the sample is deduced from C-V and I-V data. These SBHs decrease with increasing measurement temperature.