The Atomic-Scale Interaction of Bioactive Glasses with Simulated Body Fluid
The formation of a carbonate-containing hydroxyapatite, HCAp, layer on bioactive calcium silicate sol-gel glass of the formula (CaO)0.3(SiO2)0.7 has been studied in-vitro in Simulated Body Fluid (SBF). Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS), X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements have been performed with results showing the formation of a significantly amorphous HCAp layer after less than 5 hours in solution.
L.J. Skipper et al., "The Atomic-Scale Interaction of Bioactive Glasses with Simulated Body Fluid", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 480-481, pp. 21-26, 2005