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Authors: Shinichi Yamaura, Shigeyuki Uemiya, Hisamichi Kimura, Akihisa Inoue
Abstract: In this work, we prepared the melt-spun (Ni0.6Nb0.4)70Zr30 amorphous alloy membrane and designed a catalytic reactor for methanol steam reforming combined with the amorphous membrane. Comparing the permeated gas with the evaporated gas, it was found that carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbon monoxide (CO) gases were removed from the permeated gas by using the amorphous membrane. Therefore, purified hydrogen gas was obtained in the reactor. We successfully produced pure hydrogen by using the amorphous membrane.
Authors: Yoji Shibutani, Jun Young Park, Masato Wakeda
Abstract: Plastic deformability of the binary (copper and zirconium) amorphous alloy with embedded nanosized crystals under uniaxial tension and compression is analyzed using molecular dynamics simulations. The number and the size of the nanocrystals are taken as the study parameters. The number of nanocrystals affects the distribution of defects, that is, shear bands nucleation and thus changes the stress-strain curve, whereas the size of the nanocrystals does not significantly influence the response. As already reported in the experimental works, coalescent voids are found under tension in the shear bands or at the interface between crystalline and amorphous phases. This suggests that much attention should be paid to the interface strength around the particles.
Authors: Jian Bing Qiang, Wei Zhang, Akihisa Inoue
Abstract: Phase transformation in the melt-spun (Zr65Al7.5Cu27.5)95Ti5 glassy alloy was investigated by a combined use of X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It was found that the crystallization mode of the Zr65Al7.5Cu27.5 glassy alloy was altered by the addition of Ti, and nanometer scaled icosahedral phase (I-phase) formation was observed in the primary crystallization stage of the (Zr65Al7.5Cu27.5)95Ti5 quaternary glass, which transformed to the stable Zr2Cu-type phase upon further annealing. The crystallization behavior of (Zr65Al7.5Cu27.5)95Ti5 glass was further discussed in terms of the activation energy as compared to that of Zr65Al7.5Cu27.5 alloy.
Authors: Qing Sheng Zhang, Wei Zhang, Akihisa Inoue
Abstract: The thermal stability and crystalline phases precipitated from the as-cast rods of the Cu50Zr50-based alloys with addition of Al or simultaneous addition of Al/Ti or Al/Ag elements were investigated using DSC, DTA and XRD. The value of Tx, Trg and γ as a function of alloy composition shows a same trend, in which the Cu46Zr46Al8 alloy exhibits the largest value of Tx, Trg and γ. However, this trend is different from the variation of the dc with alloy composition, in which the Cu42Zr42Al8Ag8 alloy has the largest dc for glass formation. Trg′ based on Tg/Tm has a good correlation with the critical diameter for glass formation in this alloy system. It was found that the alloy with higher GFA has more complex precipitated crystalline phases from the as-cast rod with a diameter larger than the critical diameter for glass formation.
Authors: Yong Zhang, Yun Jun Zhou
Abstract: The solid solution formation criteria for the equi-atomic ratio alloys were discussed. It is found that higher entropy of mixing (Smix>1.61R), less atomic size difference (δ<4.6), and near zero of the absolute value of the enthalpy of mixing (-2.685δ-2.54
Authors: Jason S.C. Jang, Y.C. Huang, C.H. Lee, I.S. Lee, L.J. Chang
Abstract: The (Cu42Zr42Al8Ag8)100-xSix amorphous alloy rods, x =0 to 1, with 3 mm in diameter were prepared by Cu-mold drop casting method. The glass forming ability, thermal properties and microstructure evolution was studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and X-ray diffractometry (XRD). The XRD result reveals that these as-quenched (Cu42Zr42Al8Ag8)100-xSix alloy rods exhibit a broaden diffraction pattern of amorphous phase. The crystallization temperature and GFA (glass forming ability) of (Cu42Zr42Al8Ag8)100-xSix alloys increase with the silicon additions. The highest Trg (0.59) and γ value (0.405) occurred at the (Cu42Zr42Al8Ag8)99.75Si0.25 and (Cu42Zr42Al8Ag8)99.5Si0.5 alloy. In addition, both of the activation energy of crystallization and the incubation time of isothermal annealing for these (Cu42Zr42Al8Ag8)100-xSix alloys indicates that the (Cu42Zr42Al8Ag8)99.25Si0.75 alloy posses the best thermal stability among the (Cu42Zr42Al8Ag8)100-xSix alloy system.
Authors: J. Kobata, Yorinobu Takigawa, Sung Wook Chung, Hiroshi Tsuda, Tokuteru Uesugi, Hisamichi Kimura, Kenji Higashi
Abstract: Microstructure and mechanical properties in friction stir processed (FSPed) Zr-based bulk metallic glass were investigated. The microstructure in the friction zone (FZ) exhibits an amorphous “band-like” structure with a small number of nanoscale crystalline particles. On the other hand, the microstructure in the FZ near the finish point of the process exhibits a large number of nanocrystalline particles in size of less than 20nm and amorphous phase. The difference of the microstructure in each FSP region is explained from the difference of the heat input by FSP. The hardness in each FSPed region shows higher value compared with that of other Zr-based balk metallic glasses with almost the same volume fraction of crystalline phase.
Authors: Akitoshi Mizuno, T. Kaneko, Seiichi Matsumura, Masahito Watanabe, Shinji Kohara, Masaki Takata
Abstract: In order to obtain an insight into the high glass-forming ability of bulk metallic glasses, we have analyzed liquid structures of the Zr-Cu and the Zr-Ni binary alloys with different compositions. High-energy (E = 113 keV) x-ray diffraction experiments were carried out for the liquid alloys levitated by a conical nozzle levitation (CNL) technique. While a peculiar shoulder on the second peak was observed in the structure factors of the Zr-Cu liquid alloys, those of the Zr70Ni30 and the Zr50Ni50 liquids exhibit an asymmetric shape of the second peak. In addition, it was found that the effect of concentration variation in the liquid Zr-Ni alloys was significantly different from that of the liquid Zr-Cu alloys. The liquid structure analyses using the reverse Monte Carlo (RMC) simulation have clarified that a degree of the short-range correlation between the constituents in the liquids affects substantially the glass-forming ability of the binary Zr alloys.
Authors: Wei Sun, Y.H. Chen, J.P. Wang, Z. Zhang
Abstract: By means of a combination of high-resolution electron microscopy (HREM) and high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) techniques, we have directly revealed that periodic arrangements in different manners for flattened hexagons constructed with atom columnar clusters can form two Al-Ni-Rh crystalline approximant phases. In contrast to periodic arrangements of flattened hexagons, configurations and distributions of various defects in these structurally-complicated alloy phases have been examined and their structural characteristics discussed. HREM observations clearly show that structural defects in Al-Ni-Rh crystalline approximants are of phason type and they are correlated with incorrect arrangements of atom columnar clusters. The distribution of high density planar defects can destroy the long-range periodicity in at least one direction in the pseudo decagonal symmetry plane. By means of the HAADF-STEM imaging technique, the existence of ill-formed atom columnar clusters in the core area of a linear defect, which is usually not visible in HREM observations, has been clearly revealed.
Authors: Sachiko Fujisawa, Kyosuke Yoshimi, Hidemi Kato, Kouichi Maruyama
Abstract: In this study, rapidly solidified Co-Sn-Ti and Co-Sn-Si alloys were investigated as candidate cathodic materials for lithium-ion batteries. (Co0.5Sn0.5)1-xTix (x=0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4) and (Co0.5Sn0.5)0.9Si0.1 alloys were produced by Ar arc-melting. These alloys were further rapidly solidified into ribbons by the single-roll melt-spinning method. Constituent phases in the ribbons were identified by XRD, indicating that all of the alloys were composed of crystalline multi-phases with no amorphous phase. The microstructure of the ribbons was observed by SEM and TEM, and the chemical composition of constituent phases was analyzed by TEM-EDS. It is found from the SEM and TEM observations that the grain size of the constituent phases ranged from tens to hundreds nanometers due to the rapid solidification effect.

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