Abstract: The sintering behavior and lattice parameters of β-sialon were investigated by varying temperature, z values and the amounts of sintering additive composed of Y2O3. The experimental results indicated that the z value of β-sialon decreases with the sintering temperature increases. The sinterability of the β-sialon declined with the z values increase . As the sintering temperature rise the phenomenon of anti-densification was occurred when the amount of additive was 7wt%.
Abstract: According to the RNG model and the Euler method, the flow field inside hydrocyclone is simulated by the CFD. The results show that: the internal flow field of the hydrocyclone is quite complicated, which means that the fluid flow parameters in the same location vary widely within different directions, such as track, velocity, separation and so on. The flows of cylindrical section and conical section are very different, at the same time, the main separation process is completed in the conical section. In the hydrocyclone with single entry, the center of the flow field is not in the position of geometric center; which will influence the stability of the flow field and the separation.
Abstract: Based on the microstructure results of Monte Carlo simulation, a three-dimensional grid model is built up, and imported into the finite element software with C++ language to analyze the mechanical properties of ceramic tool material. The stress field and residual stress of single-phase and multiphase ceramics have been analyzed by the computer simulation technology.
Abstract: Fused quartz granule (d50=0.019 mm) was used as raw material, nano-ZnO (size<0.08 μm) was used as additive with dosages of 1% (in mass, similarly hereinafter), 2% and 3%. Fused quartz ceramic materials were fabricated in reduction atmosphere at 1300 °C, 1350 °C and 1400 °C for 1 h. Properties of samples were researched by measurements of apparent porosity, bending strength and thermal expansion rate, and analyzed by XRD and SEM. The results showed that additive nano-ZnO had excellent inhibiting effect on crystallization of fused quartz sintered at 1300 °C and 1350 °C. As dosages of nano-ZnO increased, thermal expansion rate, diffraction peak intensity and bending strength were improved, and microstructure of the samples became more compact. It can be deduced that for fused quartz ceramic materials, with add dosage of nano-ZnO increasing, the inhibiting effect on crystallization decline, but the facilitating effect on sintering enhance.
Abstract: This paper introduces Si2ON2-SiC ceramic fabricated by pressureless sintering method and studies the effect of additives, nitriding temperatures on bulk density, porosity, phase composition and microstructure. It is discovered that additives MgO, CeO2 can increase the densities of Si2ON2-SiC ceramic apparently, and MgO additive has a better effect than CeO2. Nitriding temperature also is an important factor. The bulk density of the specimen with MgO additive reaches maximum at 1.91 g/cm3 when sintered at 1450 °C, and the bulk density of specimen with CeO2 additive is 1.86 g/cm3 at the same condition while the bulk density of the specimen without additive is only 1.75 g/cSuperscript textm3. The X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy of the specimens show that the amount of Si2ON2 increase with the sintering temperature increase. But when the temperature is higher than 1500 °C the Si2ON2 grains will decompose into Si3N4, and Si2ON2 will vanish at 1550 °C
Abstract: Abstract. BaBi4Ti4O15 powder was synthesized by molten salt synthesis (MSS) method in NaCl-KCl and Na2SO4-K2SO4 fluxes. The phases of reaction products and the microstructures at different calcined temperatures were detected by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). As a result, the flaky BaBi4Ti4O15 powder with anisotropy was synthesized by molten salt synthesis method in NaCl-KCl and Na2SO4-K2SO4 fluxes in the range of 850～1050°C. Compared with BaBi4Ti4O15 powder synthesized in the sulfate flux, the anisotropy level of BaBi4Ti4O15 powder which was synthesized in chloride flux increased, the average particle size(APS) of BaBi4Ti4O15 powder synthesized in the chloride flux is slight larger than in the sulfate flux. The thickness of BaBi4Ti4O15 powder was synthesized by molten salt synthesis method in the chloride flux decreased than in the sulfate.
Abstract: In this paper, Three types of electrolyte (phosphate, silicate, aluminum) are considered to make preparation for micro-arc oxidation coatings on titanium alloy by bipolar pulse MAO oxidation power with low power consumption (density of current less than 1A/dm2). Treated by micro-arc oxidation, dense micro-arc oxidation ceramic coating is formed on titanium alloy. Surface morphology and friction coefficient of MAO coating is analyzed. The research on the effect of NaF on ablation of MAO coating is prepared, which guides the configuration of the electrolyte later.
Abstract: Fused quartz granules (d50=19 μm) were used as raw material, and Si3N4-Y2O3 (1:1, in mass) was used as additive with dosages of 1%, 2% and 3% (in mass). Fused quartz ceramic materials were fabricated in reduction atmosphere at 1300 °C, 1350 °C and 1400 °C for 1 h. The effect of Si3N4-Y2O3 on crystallization and sintering of the fused quartz ceramic materials were researched by measurements of apparent porosity, bending strength and thermal expansion rate (RT~1200 °C), and by the analyses of XRD and SEM. The results showed that the samples sintered at each temperature with 3% Si3N4-Y2O3 had the lowest apparent porosity, the highest bending strength and more compact microstructure. This indicated that 3% Si3N4-Y2O3 was conducive to sintering of fused quartz ceramic materials. The results of XRD and thermal expansion rate showed that addition of 3% Si3N4-Y2O3 compound had obvious effect on inhibiting crystallization of the samples sintered at various temperatures. It can be deduced that the Si3N4-Y2O3 compound plays the best role in inhibiting crystallization and facilitating sintering of fused quartz ceramic materials.
Abstract: The silicon carbide was extruded by the batch and sintered under Nitrogen atmosphere using phenolic resin as the main organic plasticizer. The effect of phenolic resin contents on plasticity of the batch, extrusion force and density of the green bodies and the effect of the solidifying law on mechanical properties of products were studied in this paper. The results are as follows: The density and bending strength of sintered bodies reach 3.11 g/cm3 and 320Mpa with 13.6wt% plasticizer content, the extrusion moding can significantly improve the production efficiency and properties of silicon carbide ceramic.
Abstract: The zirconia refractories were prepared using partially stabilized zirconia grain and monoclinic zirconia powder as the matrix, partially stabilized zirconia particles as the aggregate, and phenolic resin as the binder, and four sizes of monoclinic zirconia powder (D50=1 μm, 3 μm, 6 μm, 10 μm) were used as additives. Besides, an improved specimen was prepared using a specific monoclinic zirconia powder as additive. Properties of specimens with different sizes of m-ZrO2 powders were researched, including apparent porosity, bulk density, cold modulus of rupture, pore size distribution. Moreover, phase composition and microstructure were analyzed. The results show that, particle size of monoclinic zirconia powders greatly affect the sintering of materials. The specimens with finer m-ZrO2 powder have lower porosity, higher bulk density and cold modulus of rupture, and the grain boundaries of zirconia particles were fuzzy, showing that the matrix of the specimens were almost sintered completely. While in specimens using coarser m-ZrO2 powder, the grain boundaries of zirconia particles were clear, showing that the matrix of the specimens were not sintered completely.. Though finer monoclinic zirconia powder promoted the sintering of materials in the test, it had negative impact on the microporus structure, for large pores were observed in the specimen with fine m-ZrO2 powder. Finally, the improved specimen with promoted sintering and optimized microstructure as well as phase composition was obtained by using specific monoclinic zirconia powder as additive.