In Vitro Bioactivity of Composite of Nanophase Titania/Bioactive Glass-Ceramic in Simulated Body Fluid
Titania ceramics is lack of bone-bonding ability even if it has excellent biocompatibility. Recently, it is even found that the nanophase titania ceramics could enhance the proliferation of osteoblasts. If the bone-bonding ability of this material is improved, it would be a potential bone replacement material. Bioactive glass-ceramic (BGC) is provided with the best bioactivity in biomaterials. In this study, the apatite formation ability and the mechanic properties of titania ceramic were investigated by the accession of BGC. Four samples: TiO2 ceramic, TiO2 +10%BGC, TiO2 +20%BGC and BGC were prepared respectively. These ceramics were exposed to a simulated body fluid (SBF) for 7, 14 and 21d. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray detector (EDX) and thin film X-ray diffraction (TF-XRD) results showed that the apatite formation of the ceramics was improved by adding BGC into nanophase titania ceramic. The mechanical analysis showed the biomechanical compatibility was also improved by adding BGC into nanophase titania ceramic.
Xingdong Zhang, Junzo Tanaka, Yaoting Yu and Yasuhiko Tabata
H. Wang et al., "In Vitro Bioactivity of Composite of Nanophase Titania/Bioactive Glass-Ceramic in Simulated Body Fluid ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 288-289, pp. 171-174, 2005