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Authors: Q. Feng, L.J. Rowland, T.M. Pollock
Abstract: Three unusual Ru-rich phases have been identified in a multicomponent Ni-base single crystal superalloy, including a L21 Ru2AlTa Heusler phase, a B2 RuAl phase and a hcp Re(Ru)-rich δ phase. These phases have their own preferential precipitation location within the dendritic structure. No conventional topologically-close-packed (TCP) phases have been observed with thermal exposure at 950oC for 1500 hours.
Authors: Lichun Chen, Bijendra Jha
Abstract: Fe-21Cr-6Al-0.03(Ce+La) alloy has been made by an innovative method of roll bonding and diffusion alloying for catalytic converter metal foil substrate used for exhaust emission control. During the processes, roll bonding is applied to make a sandwiched Al/Fe22Cr/Al composite material from aluminum and Fe22Cr alloy. Conversion from the composite to the FeCrAl alloy can be accomplished by in-situ diffusion alloying during a thermal process of the converter fabrication.
Authors: Lin Liu, Jun Zhang, Taiwen Hang, Heng Zhi Fu
Abstract: The interface morphologies single crystal superalloys CMSX-2 has been studied over a range of cooling rate with large variations in withdrawal speed in directional solidification. The superfine cellular structure was obtained under both high thermal gradient up to 1000K/cm and fast withdrawal rate up to 1mm/sec. The high rate directional solidification results in reduction in primary and secondary dendrite arm spacing, refinement of λ’ phase, reduced microsegregation of alloying elements and smaller size of γ-γ’ eutectics.
Authors: Qing Li, Cheng Bo Xiao, Jin Xia Song, Ding Gang Wang, Ya Fang Han
Abstract: A conventional cast nickel-base superalloy with the chemical composition of Ni-16W-2Mo-1.5Cr-6Al wt % has been recently developed as isothermal forging die material operating at temperatures above 1000°C. The oxidation test results showed that the oxide scale spalled heavily after exposure in air at 1050°C for 100 h, which is unacceptable for the process of isothermal forging. To improve the high temperature oxidation resistance, 3 wt% Ta was added into the alloy. Specimens after oxidation test were analyzed by the scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). The results showed that the oxides were mainly NiO, NiWO4, and NiAl2O4 for all the samples. The oxidation resistance of the alloy with 3wt%Ta was fairly good at 1050°C with the mass gain rate of around 0.016g/m2•h and spallation of oxides less than 2g/m2 within 100h.The SEM results showed that a continuous protective layer of Al2O3 has been formed under the layer of NiO for the alloy containing Ta.
Authors: D.Y. Yang, Tao Jin, Na Ru Zhao, Zhi Wang, Xiao Feng Sun, Heng Rong Guan, Zhuang Qi Hu
Abstract: The precipitation behavior during ageing treatment of a single crystal nickel-base superalloy was investigated by SEM and TEM. The results showed that tetragonal needle-like σ phase and blocky -W phase precipitated during low temperature ageing treatment after this testing alloy was completely solution heat treated. σ and -W phases robbed of solid solution strengthening alloying element W、Mo in the matrix and degraded high temperature creep rupture property severely. The creep curve of the crystal tested at 1010 °C and 248 MPa exhibited that the steady state creep rate ε was as high as 9.46 × 10-3/h. The creep-rupture life was only 25 hours. -W phase was not formed by decrease of W content properly. A relatively low level of Co could inhibit σ phase precipitation and improve microstructural stability.
Authors: Fang Bian, Guoyue Su, Fan Ya Kong, Ke Yang
Abstract: The deformation behavior of Inconel718 at room temperature was studied by tensile tests. Three kinds of specimens were tested, including cold rolled, heat treated with grain size ASTM5 and heat treated with grain size ASTM7. The true stress-strain curves were obtained based on the tensile test records. The true stress-strain relation can express the room temperature deformation behavior, which can be described by equations similar to the Voce equation. The limit value of the work-hardening rate θ0 is very sensitive to the microstructure of the alloy.
Authors: Jin Jiang Yu, Xiao Feng Sun, Tao Jin, Heng Rong Guan, Zhuang Qi Hu
Abstract: Stress rupture and tensile properties of a single crystal superalloy DD32 are investigated comparing with the alloy SRR99. It is shown that the alloy DD32 offers an improved creep temperature capability of more than 60°C at higher stresses. The g¢ precipitates in the stress ruptured samples were rafted to P-N type directional coarsening. The fracture mechanism of the stress ruptured samples was initiated from the micropores.
Authors: Z.G. Zhang, Yan Niu
Abstract: The effect of the addition of 5 and 10 at.% Cr on the oxidation of a binary Fe-10 at.% Al alloy (Fe-10Al) was studied in 1 atm O2 at 1000°C. Fe-10Al underwent a very slow initial nearly-parabolic stage followed by a breakaway composed of two subsequent parabolic stages with a smaller rate constant for the final period. The two ternary alloys (Fe-5Cr-10Al and Fe-10Cr-10Al) presented two parabolic stages with final rate constants similar to each other and much lower than that for Fe-10Al. The alumina scale developed initially on Fe-10Al was replaced later by a layered scale containing mixtures of Fe and Al oxides plus many Fe-rich oxide nodules. Fe-5Cr-10Al was mostly covered by a thin alumina layer just above the alloy surface with some Fe-rich nodules formed in the beginning of oxidation, which later on were healed by alumina with a large decrease of the oxidation rate. A continuous alumina layer formed on the whole sample surface without any Fe-rich nodule for Fe-10Cr-10Al. Therefore, the addition of chromium is obviously beneficial for the oxidation resistance of Fe-10Al by inhibiting the formation of fast-growing Fe-containing oxides and promoting the development of an exclusive alumina layer. However, the effect of chromium is different from the classical third-element effect.
Authors: Hai Bo Yang, Wei Li, Ai Dang Shan, Jian Sheng Wu
Abstract: The intermetallics of (Mo1-xNbx) Si2 consisted of C11b phase and C40 phase when x is equal to 0.05, 0.10 and 0.15, and consisted of only C40 phase when x is equal to 0.20. Systemic heat treatments were conducted on the alloys. The evolution of microstructure was investigated with varying annealing temperature and time. Through the appropriate heat-treated processing, the microstructures of the alloys can be controlled to form full lamellar structure
Authors: Taisuke Hayashi, Kazuhiro Ito, Misako Takamoto, Katsushi Tanaka
Abstract: Single crystals of (Mo0.8Nb0.2)5Si3, (Mo0.85W0.15)5Si3 and Mo5Si3 were grown and their thermal expansion along the a- and c-axes and single crystalline elastic property were investigated. An anisotropy ratio of coefficient of thermal expansion (ac/aa) is lower for (Mo0.8Nb0.2)5Si3, and higher for (Mo0.85W0.15)5Si3 at RT than that for Mo5Si3. However, the ac/aa for (Mo0.8Nb0.2)5Si3 increases with increasing temperature and the ac/aa of the three compounds is similar at 800°C. The values of isotropic average Young’s (E), bulk (K) and shear (G) moduli for (Mo0.8Nb0.2)5Si3 is the lowest and those for (Mo0.85W0.15)5Si3 is the highest in the three compounds. On the other hand, the difference of E between [100] and [001] increases when partial substitution of Mo by Nb occurs and it decreases when partial substitution of Mo by W occurs. Simply compared with the results of thermal expansion anisotropy, the result shows opposite tendency.

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