Abstract: A study has been made on the tensile and creep properties of squeeze and die cast Mg alloys, with emphasis on the effect of second phase particles. Two different microstructures were compared; the microstructure with thermally unstable particles along grain boundaries (AZ91 alloy) and the microstructure with thermally stable particles along grain boundaries as well as within matrix (MX alloy). The experimental MX alloy has equivalent room temperature tensile strength to AZ91
alloy with higher ductility. Moreover, elevated temperature tensile properties and creep resistance of MX alloy are higher than those of AZ91 alloy. Such improved properties of MX alloy over those of AZ91 alloy are due to the optimized microstructure of the former.
Abstract: Effort has been devoted to develop new heat resistant diecasting alloys based on Mg-Al- Zn system in this research. Small amounts of cerium-rich misch metal and antimony additions to AZ91 alloy could enhance the tensile strength at an elevated temperature while keeping the good castability. The increase of Zn content in Mg-8(wt%)Al-xZn-0.5RE-0.5Sb alloys, was observed to significantly increase the yield strength at 175oC although the castability such as fluidity and hot cracking resistance was slightly decreased. Intensive microstructural investigation on the new Mg- Al-Zn diecasting alloys was also carried out.
Abstract: The effect of warm rolling under various conditions on the microstructure and mechanical property was investigated using an AZ31 Mg alloy sheet. Several processing parameters such as initial thickness, thickness reduction by a single pass rolling, rolling temperature, roll speed, and roll temperature were varied to elicit an optimum condition for the warm rolling process of AZ31 Mg alloy. Microstructure and mechanical properties were measured for specimens subjected to rolling
experiments of various conditions. Warm rolling of 30% thickness reduction per pass was possible without any side-crack at temperatures as low as 200oC under the roll speed of 30 m/min. The initial microstructure before rolling was the mixed one consisting of partially recrystallized and cast structures. Grain refinement was found to occur actively during the warm rolling, producing a very fine grain size of 7 µm after 50% reduction in single pass rolling at 200oC. Yield strength of 204MPa,
tensile strength of 330MPa and uniform elongation of 32% have been obtained in warm rolled sheets.
Abstract: The initial coarse grain size of 400㎛ of a as-cast AZ31 alloy was refined to 130㎛ by
carbon addition method. The microstructural evolution, recrystallization, edge cracking phenomena of the coarse grained AZ31 alloy during hot rolling were investigated and compared with those of grain refined AZ31 alloy.
Abstract: The effects of precipitates and alloying element on the high temperature tensile properties of Mg-Al alloys were investigated in this study. In order to modify the precipitation behavior and microstructure of Mg-Al alloys, Sr and/or Mm (Misch metal) were added to the Mg-9Al and AZ91 alloys. All test specimens used in this study were die-cast on a 320 ton cold chamber high-pressure die-casting machine and the microstructures of the specimens were examined by optical and scanning
electron microscopy. Tensile tests were carried out at room temperature, 150oC and 200oC at a strain rate of 2×10-4/sec. The microstructure analyses revealed that thermally stable MgAlSr and AlMm compounds were precipitated in the Sr and/or Mm added alloys and these compounds suppressed the precipitation of the discontinuous Mg17Al12 phase at grain boundaries. The high temperature
mechanical properties of the Mg-Al alloys were found to increase with the addition of Sr and/or Mm. It was concluded that the addition of Sr and/or Mm improved high temperature tensile properties of the Mg-Al alloys by the formation of thermally stable precipitates.
Abstract: Magnesium die-casting has experienced dramatic growth over the past decade and the recycling of magnesium scrap has become increasingly important due to the generation of substantial quantities of scrap in the die-casting process. Magnesium is a readily recyclable material and the recycling of magnesium scrap is crucial in making magnesium more competitive. The main concern associated with using the secondary magnesium is the high level of Fe content and oxide inclusions that are detrimental to the corrosion and mechanical properties of the secondary alloy. In this study, the die-cast specimens were produced using the recycled class 1 scrap which is refined by means of Ar bubbling and Mn addition without using refining fluxes, and their mechanical properties and corrosion characteristics were investigated. The results showed that the tensile properties of the secondary AZ91 alloy were equivalent to those of the primary magnesium alloy after appropriate
treatments. The corrosion resistance of the recycled magnesium was also found to increase by Ar bubbling and Mn addition.
Abstract: Microstructure and texture evolution in the AZ31 Mg alloy subject to equal channel
angular pressing (ECAP) have been investigated and correlated with the mechanical properties. When AZ31 Mg alloy was ECAPed up to 8 passes following the route Bc, grain refinement occurred effectively. Texture was also changed during ECAP. The original fiber texture of the extruded AZ31 Mg alloy changed to a new texture component of ] 1 3 2 5 )[ 1 1 01 ( , and the texture of ] 1 3 2 5 )[ 1 1 01 ( orientation was rotated to ] 0 2 5 7 )[ 6 4 13 ( orientation after 6-pass ECAP process. The variation of the strength with the pass number was explained by the texture and grain size. The strength data of AZ31 Mg alloys followed the standard Hall-Petch relationship when the similar texture was retained during the ECAP process. Otherwise the effect of texture on strength was dominant over the strengthening due to grain refinement.
Abstract: The softening of fine-grained ECAPed AZ31 Mg alloys could be ascribed to the texture modification during ECAP. Lower ECAP temperature is more effective in refining the microstructure. The strength of the ECAPed AZ 31 Mg alloys increased with decrease in grain size when they have similar texture.
Abstract: Friction stir welding of similar Mg-Zn-Y alloy was successfully carried out under various welding conditions. The external shape of the joints showed good quality and the weld zone perpendicular to the welding direction didn’t also include any defects. In the weld zone, the strengthening particles were homogeneously dispersed in the Mg matrix. The morphology of these particles was slightly varied with the welding speed and with the location such as SZ, TMAZ, HAZ and BM. The shear band caused by the severe deformation was observed in the TMAZ. SZ had a
higher hardness than that of the base metal. Though UTS of the joints slightly varied with welding speed, it reached the equal value with that of BM.
Abstract: In this study, isothermal torsion tests were carried out on magnesium AZ31B alloy under constant strain rate conditions, in the range of 250 to 400oC at 0.01, 0.1, and 1.0 s-1. Alloy flow stress dependence on strain rate and temperature can be described by a power law with activation energy of 130 kJ/mol. Microstructural examination of hot deformed samples shows very fine recrystallized grains decorating grain boundaries of larger gains in the form of a necklace. These fine grains are produced by dynamic recrystallization at the grain boundaries of original grains. Microstructure evolution, based on samples quenched at different strain levels, indicates that increasing deformation strain has little effect on recrystallized grain size but widens the recrystallized region, with full recrystallization achieved at a certain high strain level. Recrystallized grain size increases with increasing deformation temperature and strain rate. The latter suggests recrystallization in AZ31 to be essentially a time dependant phenomenon.