Vacancy Defects Induced by Low Energy Electron Irradiation in 6H and 3C-SiC Monocrystals Characterized by Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance
In this work we used Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy (PAS) and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) to investigate the properties of vacancy defects produced by low energy electron irradiation. N-doped 3C-SiC and 6H-SiC monocrystals have been irradiated with electrons at different energies from 240keV to 900keV. EPR measurements show that Frenkel pairs VSi 3-/Si are created in 6H-SiC when electron irradiation is performed at low energy (240-360 keV). EPR also indicates that the silicon displacement threshold energy is higher in 3C-SiC than in 6HSiC. Moreover, PAS results show that the size and concentration of the vacancy defects decrease when the electron energy decreases for both polytypes. PAS detects vacancy defects in 240keV electron irradiated 3C-SiC, and the detection of the carbon vacancy is proposed.
Robert P. Devaty, David J. Larkin and Stephen E. Saddow
X. Kerbiriou et al., "Vacancy Defects Induced by Low Energy Electron Irradiation in 6H and 3C-SiC Monocrystals Characterized by Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 527-529, pp. 571-574, 2006