Recrystallization and Grain Growth III

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Authors: Hidehiro Yoshida, Koji Morita, Byung Nam Kim, Keijiro Hiraga, Takahisa Yamamoto, Taketo Sakuma
Authors: Giuseppe Carlo Abbruzzese, Massimiliano Buccioni
Abstract: The statistical model of grain growth is able to predict the effect of Zener drag on the grain size distribution evolution and on grain growth kinetics [1, 2]. This paper, in the same framework, will treat the case of atoms drag on grain boundary movement. The mechanism by which atoms drag operates is significantly different by that of Zener. The corresponding peculiar features will result in a specific grain size distribution evolution with considerable change of grain growth kinetics and distribution shape from that of normal grain growth case as a function of the intensity of the pinning conditions.
Authors: Katsumi Nakajima, Yasushi Tanaka, Yoshihiro Hosoya, Markus Apel, Ingo Steinbach
Abstract: Cooperative growth of pearlite is simulated for eutectoid steel using the multi-phase field method. This allows to take into account diffusion of carbon not only in γ phase, but also in α phase. The lamellar spacing and growth velocity are estimated for different undercoolings and compared with experimental results from literature and theoretical results from analytical models. It is predicted, that diffusion in ferrite and growth of cementite from the ferrite increase the kinetics of pearlitic transformation by a factor of four as compared to growth from austenite only, which is assumed by the classical Zener-Hillert model. Further on the effect of stress due to inhomogeneous carbon distribution in austenite and due to transformation strain is discussed shortly.
Authors: Vladimir Yu. Novikov
Abstract: Grain growth controlled by particles able to move together with grain boundaries is investigated by means of numerical simulation. The particles either located on grain boundaries or randomly distributed over the material volume are shown to retard the growth process. In the first case the growth kinetics is described by a power law Dn −D0 n = kt with the exponent n≤ 3. Growth kinetics under the influence of randomly distributed mobile particles can be approximated by the same law with the exponent n increasing with an increase in the particle volume fraction.
Authors: Fumihiro Wakai
Abstract: Three-dimensional numerical simulation of sintering was performed to illustrate the interplay between surface and grain boundary in particle scale. The shrinkage during sintering can be described as a motion of the center of mass by the force acting between particles, that is, the sintering force. When a particle interacts with several neighbor particles, the sintering force on the particle is a vector sum of forces acting through grain boundaries with neighbors. A particle changes its own shape through interaction with neighbor particles, then, the coordination number affects particle motion.
Authors: Myrjam Winning, Dierk Raabe, Abhijit P. Brahme
Abstract: The study presents an analytical model for predicting crystallographic textures and the final grain size during primary static recrystallization of metals using texture components. The kinetics is formulated as a tensorial variant of the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov (JMAK) equation. The tensor form is required since the kinetic and crystallographic evolution of the microstructure is described in terms of a limited set of growing (recrystallizing) and swept (deformed) texture components. The number of components required defines the order of the tensor since the kinetic coupling occurs between all recrystallizing and all deformed components. The new method is particularly developed for the fast and physically-based process simulation of recrystallization textures with respect to processing. The present paper introduces the method and applies it to the primary recrystallization of low carbon steels.
Authors: Yu Bin Zhang, Andrew Godfrey, Mark A. Miodownik, Wei Liu, Qing Liu
Authors: L.A. Barrales-Mora, Lasar S. Shvindlerman, Volker Mohles, Günter Gottstein
Abstract: A 3D Vertex Model has been successfully implemented to investigate the evolution of a special grain assembly during grain growth. The model considers the mean curvature as driving force for the motion of the vertices and allows the consideration of all parameters affecting the motion of the system, i.e., grain boundary energy and line tension of the triple lines, as well as grain boundary (GB), triple line (TL) and quadruple point (QP) mobility as well. The used special configuration makes it possible to study the influence of all structural elements of a grain boundary network on the evolution of the system by allowing the steady-state motion of the boundaries of a shrinking grain. In the present work the different mobilities have been systematically varied and the evolution of the grain size with time has been studied as a function of TL and QP mobility. The results of the simulations are finally linked to the different kinetic regimes reached by the system.
Authors: Abhijit P. Brahme, Joseph M. Fridy, Anthony D. Rollett
Abstract: A model has been constructed for the microstructural evolution that occurs during the annealing of aluminum alloys. Geometric and crystallographic observations from two orthogonal sections through a polycrystal using automated Electron Back-Scatter Diffraction (EBSD) were used as an input to the computer simulations to create a statistically representative threedimensional model. The microstructure is generated using a voxel-based tessellation technique. Assignment of orientations to the grains is controlled to ensure that both texture and nearest neighbor relationships match the observed distributions. The microstructures thus obtained are allowed to evolve using a Monte-Carlo simulation. Anisotropic grain boundary properties are used in the simulations. Nucleation is done in accordance with experimental observations on the likelihood of occurrences in particular neighborhoods. We will present the effect of temperature on the model predictions.
Authors: Shi Hoon Choi, Y.S. Song, Jong Kweon Kim, B.J. Jung, Yong Bum Park
Abstract: Uniaxial compression tests on hot-rolled AZ31 Mg alloy were carried out at a temperature of 300°C. In order to investigate work hardening and texture evolution during plastic deformation, cylindrical specimens were compressed to the rolling direction. Experimental investigation reveals that flow curves are strongly dependent on microstructure evolution such as deformation twinning and softening phenomenon. The occurrence of deformation twinning and softening phenomenon was revealed by the observation of microtexture using electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). A visco-plastic self-consistent (VPSC) polycrystal model was used to simulate the work hardening, softening and texture evolution during the uniaxial compression. In order to calculate orientation of deformation twins, predominant twin reorientation (PTR) scheme was implemented into the polycrystal model. A softening scheme was also implemented in the polycrystal model to predict softening phenomenon and texture evolution after a peak stress.

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