Behavior of Native Defects in Semi-Insulating 4H-SiC after High Temperature Anneals and Different Cool-Down Rates
We have recently explored the nature and stability of native defects in high-purity semi-insulating 4H-SiC bulk substrates grown by PVT and HTCVD methods after post-growth anneal treatments up to 2400oC using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and low-temperature photoluminescence (PL) experiments. In the present study we have extended these investigations to SI 4H-SiC subjected to the same post-growth high-temperature anneal treatments, where significantly enhanced carrier lifetimes have been reported for such conditions, but cooled at different rates ranging from ~2-25oC/min. Previously, the intensities of the native defects decreased monotonically with anneals from 1200–1800oC; however, it was recently observed that several of these defects reappear after annealing at 2100oC and above. Our results illustrate the effects of the post-growth anneal treatments and cool-down rates on the concentrations of native defects.
Akira Suzuki, Hajime Okumura, Tsunenobu Kimoto, Takashi Fuyuki, Kenji Fukuda and Shin-ichi Nishizawa
N.Y. Garces et al., "Behavior of Native Defects in Semi-Insulating 4H-SiC after High Temperature Anneals and Different Cool-Down Rates ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 600-603, pp. 389-392, 2009