100 mm 4HN-SiC Wafers with Zero Micropipe Density
Recent advances in PVT c-axis growth process have shown a path for eliminating micropipes in 4HN-SiC, leading to the demonstration of zero micropipe density 100 mm 4HN-SiC wafers. Combined techniques of KOH etching and cross-polarizer inspections were used to confirm the absence of micropipes. Crystal growth studies for 3-inch material with similar processes have demonstrated a 1c screw dislocation median density of 175 cm-2, compared to typical densities of 2x103 to 4x103 cm-2 in current production wafers. These values were obtained through optical scanning analyzer methods and verified by x-ray topography.
Akira Suzuki, Hajime Okumura, Tsunenobu Kimoto, Takashi Fuyuki, Kenji Fukuda and Shin-ichi Nishizawa
R.T. Leonard et al., "100 mm 4HN-SiC Wafers with Zero Micropipe Density", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 600-603, pp. 7-10, 2009