Fabrication of 1.2kV, 100A, 4H-SiC(0001) and (000-1) Junction Barrier Schottky Diodes with Almost Same Schottky Barrier Height
It is known that a Schottky barrier height (b) of metal/C-face 4H-SiC Schottky barrier diode (SBD) differ from b of metal/Si-face 4H-SiC SBD. Furthermore, b of metal/4H-SiC SBD varies with annealing temperature. We fabricate 0.231mm2 SBD with Ti/SiC interface using Si-face and C-face 4H-SiC. These SBDs are annealed at several temperatures after a formation of the Ti/SiC interface. As a result, b of Ti/C-face 4H-SiC interface annealed at 400 oC is nearly equal to b of Ti/Si-face 4H-SiC interface annealed at 500 oC and the n-values of these SBDs are nearly equal to the ideal value (unity). Using that annealing condition, we fabricated 25mm2 junction barrier Schottky (JBS) diodes with Ti/SiC interface on Si-face and C-face 4H-SiC epitaxial substrate. b of Si-face and C-face JBS diodes are 1.26eV and 1.24eV, respectively. The leakage currents for both Si-face and C-face JBS diodes are less than 1mA/cm2. The current of 100A is obtained at the forward bias voltage of 1.95V and 2.16V for the Si-face JBS and the C-face JBS.
Anton J. Bauer, Peter Friedrichs, Michael Krieger, Gerhard Pensl, Roland Rupp and Thomas Seyller
A. Kinoshita et al., "Fabrication of 1.2kV, 100A, 4H-SiC(0001) and (000-1) Junction Barrier Schottky Diodes with Almost Same Schottky Barrier Height", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 645-648, pp. 893-896, 2010