Advanced Textile Materials

Volumes 332-334

doi: 10.4028/

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Authors: Xiao Li Zhang, Yun Hui Xu
Abstract: Moisture permeability is an important property of cotton fabrics. Fully understanding of cotton fabric moisture absorption and moisture permeability plays an important role in the further study of the cotton fabric property and development of new cotton fabric. According to 6 kinds of cotton fabrics, the moisture permeability was measured by wet cup moisture absorption method under normal temperature. Such structural parameters have been analyzed as the yarn density, warp and weft density, weight per square meters, thickness, twist, which influenced the moisture permeability of fabrics. By the grey relational analysis, the grey relational sequence of structural parameters have been concluded which affect the moisture permeability of fabrics: thickness>weight per square meters>weft density>weft twist>warp density>wefts yarn density>warp twist>warp yarn density. The results provide theoretical basis for research and designing of textile products and modification of fabrics.
Authors: Dan Zhang, Lei Xu, Rui Wang, Li Feng Xu
Abstract: Various heat treatment conditions with temperature scans of 300-700 °C, and annealing time scans of 1-4 hours were adopted in the annealing of Ti-49.5at.%-Ni shape memory alloy ultra thin wires. The mechanical hysteretic curves and the crystal morphology were obtained by the tensile-recovery testing and scan electric microscopes (SEM). The result shows that the shape memory effect of Ni-Ti alloy first decline after rising with the heat treatment temperature increases. Alloy with heat treatment effect in 500°C, presents the best. Time is not a significant factor for heat treatment.
Authors: Gui Fen Yao, Jian Hua Yin, Hai Wen Liu
Abstract: No matter for clothes fabric or industry fabric, the water permeability is an important performance indicator. In order to explore relationship of the water permeability of woven filtering fabrics with the fabric structure parameters, we design sixteen fabric. According to the national standards of determination of water permeability of woven filtering fabric, we test the dank ratio of the design fabric. In this paper we analysis the water permeability and structure parameter of woven filtering fabric with test the quality of water on some time through woven fabrics. We calculated the dank ratio from the water permeable quality and other parameters. The results indicate that, the effect of fabric texture on the dank ratio of woven fabrics is that the dank ratio of the plain weave is the smallest and the satin weave is the biggest. In addition, the relationship between overall covering factor and water permeability showed that the water permeability decreases along with the overall covering factor increasing. A linear regression equation between dank ratio and overall covering factor is get from the test results. In order to get big dank ratio, we should produce fabric with satin weave and lower overall covering factor.
Authors: Qian Qian Zhang, Ying Sun, Ya Nan Jiao, Jia Lu Li
Abstract: Based on the principle and fabricating process of Quasi-Isotropic braided composites, the regular pattern of movement of each yarn is analyzed and the inner unit cell model is established in this paper. The real Quasi-Isotropic braiding structure is built using 3D paint software named UG NX4.0. Compressive mechanical properties of 3D Quasi-Isotropic braided composites are also discussed. It is found that the load–deflection curve of the Quasi-isotropic braided composites displays a relatively linear behavior, behaving mostly as the characteristics of shear.
Authors: Shao Juan Chen, Jian Wei Ma, Yong Jun Sun, Chao Li
Abstract: In this article, two-phase liquid of water and particulates was chosen as medium, and fabric porous material was token as research object. It was proved that ultrasonic would change pore walls of porous materials into the shape of traveling transversal waves. In according to the transmission theory of peristaltic pumping, the flux through those pores would be increased by the deformation. In this article, pores model with alternative varying cross section were built. The analysis was carried out using a perturbation method to get the exact solutions and make an approximate analysis. Finally, the whole calculation process was simulated using the Matlab. It is proved that, although the peristaltic flow induced by traveling waves is very small, but it can not be neglected, because it has the same magnitude of order as the Poiseuille flow. The mechanism of nano materials has nicer embedding effect under ultrasonic was found in this article. Meanwhile, the effect of factors on the peristaltic flow caused by ultrasonic was analyzed. Ultrasonic has been widely used in chemistry, dyeing, finishing and cleaning industries because of its obvious advantages in particle treatment such as dispersion and agglomeration effects etc [1-3]. During recent years, treatment of nano-materials using ultrasonic has been a research hot and many research findings have been achieved in this field[4-6]. Meanwhile, the applications of nano-materials have received considerable attention on textile finishing and some valuable functional textiles such as anti-bacterial and anti-ultraviolet products etc [7]. Fundamental researches have been carried out on the effects of ultrasonic on fine particles [8-11], the results showed that the dispersion effect on fine particles mainly came from cavitation effect closely related to the ultrasonic frequency, power and viscidity of dispersions. Nano-particles were fully dispersed in water and embedded into porous material under ultrasonic action, then we got textiles of practical value, such as nanometer anti-bacteria cotton fabric, photo-catalysts textile etc., which were proved had good antibacterial property and durability[11-12]
Authors: Hong Lin, Ling Chen, De Suo Zhang, Yu Yue Chen
Abstract: A hyperbranched polymer (HBP-NH2) acting as a reducing agent and stablizer agent has been synthesized to investigate the stability of silver nanoparticles antimicrobial agent, which were prepared in a hyperbranched polymer matrix by a reaction with silver nitrate solution. The antimicrobial agents generated were characterized by different spectroscopic and analytical techniques such as DLS, TEM and UV-vis, which confirm the formation of well-dispersed silver nanoparticles with average size around 12.0 nm. Furthermore, antimicrobial and mechanical properties of nanosilver treated cotton fabrics were investigated. The results showed that stable silver nanoparticles collide solution with 12 nm, applied on cotton fabric under certain condition, could produce ideal antibacterial rate over 94% against both Escherichia coli (E.coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) even after 50 consecutive washings.
Authors: Zhong Li, Shao Ming Yu, De Xin Tan, Tong He Yao
Abstract: A new type of shape stabilized phase change material (PCM) with good heat storage was produced by intercalating myristic acid (MA) with modifid montmorillonite (MMT). The structure, thermal properties of the composite PCM were determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transformation infrared (FTIR) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) analysis technique. In the XRD analysis, expansions of the d spacings in the (001) plane were observed in all samples, indicating that the intercalation of MA in the interlayers of MMT was successfully achieved. The results of DSC indicated that the shape stabilized PCM displayed a high heat capacity (133.6 J.g-1)
Authors: Liang Li, Chang Fa Xiao, Qing Lin Huang, Xiao Yu Hu
Abstract: Poly (tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE)/Salt alginate (SA) flat membranes were prepared from a mixture of PTFE concentrated dispersion and Sodium alginate (NaAlg) aqueous solution. The chemical constitutions of the PTFE/SA membranes before and after sintering were investigated with FTIR. Meanwhile, TGA and contact angle to water were utilized to analyze the thermal stability and hydrophobic property. Moreover, effects of sintering conditions on the properties and morphologies of the membranes were also investigated. Results showed that SA was decomposed in the sintering process, and the membranes maintained excellent thermal stability and strong hydrophobicity. In addition, it was beneficial for the membranes to obtain high air flux by short sintering time and the membranes had different surface morphologies by different cooling rates.
Authors: Shu Jie Zhang, Rui Wang, Chong Qi Ma
Abstract: The tubular textile composite material as the liner is inversed in the pipeline by gas or water pressure, and then the damaged pipeline can be rehabilitated. During inversion, because of the inversion pressure, the tubular textile composite material must endure the complicated stress and strain. Adopting the Finite Element Analysis, the paper analyzed the stress and strain of the tubular textile composite during inversion, and the finite element simulation data compared with test data. The results show that the stress and strain in head of the tubular textile composite material during inversion is instability, where the stress is concentrative, so the head of the tubular textile composite material is easy to break.
Authors: Peng Wei Xiang, Rui Ping Zhang, Mei Niu, Xue Ping Guo, Qi Rong Bai
Abstract: Using capillary rheometer to study PPS temperature, shear rate, activation energy of viscous flow. Experiments show that with the increase of shear rate, apparent viscosity decreased. As the apparent viscosity is affected by temperature, so when the temperature increased, the apparent viscosity also decreased. It also indicates that the higher the shear rate comes, the lower the impact of temperature on the apparent viscosity is. As the temperature increased, non-Newtonian index (n) increased and tended to 1, PPS melt is pseudoplastic fluid. The activation energy of viscous flow of PPS decreased with the increasing of the shear rate. In addition, with the increasing of temperature, structural viscosity index felt regularly.

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