Advanced Materials Research
The present volume comprises a collection of peer-reviewed papers covering manufacture and production, engineering materials, CAD/CAM/CAE, robotics, automation and control, environment-friendly design and manufacture, web/internet technologies, artificial intelligence and smart computing in design and manufacture, enterprise, management, and other related topics.
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
The editors of this special volume made every effort to invite all of those corrosion specialists working in the field of lightweight alloys and, specifically, their modeling. Their expertise provided a basis upon which to discuss corrosion problems and solutions for Military and Aerospace Systems and Facilities; thus laying a solid foundation for the tackling of yet-unsolved issues. The use of lightweight metals and composites to replace heavy structural materials for military hardware and weapons systems (ships, aircraft, ground vehicles, etc.) is a new strategic consideration for defence forces; falling under Naval S&T Strategic Plans. The objectives of the workshop were to seek state-of-the-art ideas, from outside of the continental United States, in the field of low-density metallic materials and composites for structural applications, as well as modeling and simulation software tools which are capable of generating and identifying damage evolution data for health monitoring, corrosion control, life prediction and assessment of civil and military hardware systems. The result is an invaluable guide to this increasingly important topic.
This work presents the results of the initial stage of research of some sub-projects of the Collaborative Research Centre SFB 675, “Creation of High-Strength Structures and Joints by Setting up Local Material Properties”, set up in 2006 by the German Research Foundation (DFG). This Collaborative Research Centre is the result of cooperation between the research institutes of Clausthal University of Technology and Leibniz Universität, Hanover. The purpose of SFB 675 is to develop materials and manufacturing processes for high-strength structures, having graduated and locally engineered properties, by exploiting material, physical and/or geometrical effects. The incorporation of locally altered material properties, tailored to handle the strains expected to be encountered during use, lead to increases in the efficiency of the whole structure. This book offers an interesting overview of this intriguing topic.
Increasing urbanization constitutes a mounting threat to cultural heritage sites around the world; especially in developing countries. Natural and man-made environmental hazards are causing more damage to historic constructions than ever before. The conservation of historical constructions is facing new challenges introduced by waves of immigration and industrialization. The present papers on this subject are organized into two volumes, and the topics of interest span the entire spectrum of structural analyses of historic constructions: including Materials and Structural Configuration, Structural Inspection and Monitoring, Structural Analysis and Assessment, Seismic Analysis and Evaluation, Strengthening Technologies, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting and Sustainable Utilization of Historic Constructions in China. It is the hope of the editors that this special collection will stimulate scientists and technologists to develop further theories and technologies and help them in their endeavors in conserving historic constructions, now and tomorrow.
The search for new catalytic materials has grown into a very important multidisciplinary research field; including novel strategies for catalytic materials synthesis, control and manipulation of solid-state chemistry and surfaces, innovative characterization techniques and rapidly expanding catalysis applications, and has thus attracted the attention of large numbers of scientists and engineers all over the world. This special volume on Advanced Materials Research comprises new contributions covering aspects of catalyst preparation and characterization, as well as various applications of catalysis.
This special volume comprises 287 expertly refereed papers. The main theme covered is Materials and Manufacturing Technology; the main goal being to provide an international scientific forum for the exchange of new ideas in a number of fields, and to facilitate in-depth interaction via discussions with peers from around the world. Core areas of Materials and Manufacturing Technology, and multi-disciplinary, inter-disciplinary and practical aspects are covered, making this essential reading for anyone interested in these topics.
Abrasive machining is one of the oldest technologies, and continues to have a far-reaching impact on a broad spectrum of industries. In particular, there is an ever-increasing demand by modern manufacturing for advanced abrasive techniques and other precision machining technologies. As well as abrasive-related technologies, electrical discharge machining (EDM), glass molding, machine tool systems, green manufacturing, laser-beam machining, tribology, advanced cutting methods, etc. are addressed here. The more than 167 presentations contributed by workers from all over the world will make this volume essential reading.