Comparative Study on Metallization and Passivation Materials for High Temperature Sensor Applications
We investigated the performance of different metallization/passivation systems for high temperature applications. The metallizations comprised a 150 nm sputtered Pt or a 150 nm e-beam evaporated PtRh layer on Ti/TiN underlayers, respectively. The passivation coatings consisted of amorphous PECVD SiOx, of amorphous stress-reduced PECVD SiNy, and of a SiOx/ SiNy stack. For samples with SiOx and SiOx/ SiNy passivation layers the electrical properties changed after a short high temperature anneal at 600 °C but then remained stable during further annealing. This was attributed to the formation of PtTi alloys, which stabilized the metallization stack. In samples with SiNy passivation a significant Pt out-diffusion into the passivation layer was observed. This led to a degradation of the electrical and mechanical properties. The best performance was achieved with Pt-based metallizations and SiOx or SiOx/SiNy passivations.
Edouard V. Monakhov, Tamás Hornos and Bengt. G. Svensson
W. Daves et al., "Comparative Study on Metallization and Passivation Materials for High Temperature Sensor Applications", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 679-680, pp. 449-452, 2011