Toward a Better Understanding of Ni-Based Ohmic Contacts on SiC
There is still little consensus regarding why low contact resistivity is achieved when Ni on n-type 4H- and 6H-SiC is annealed at temperatures of more than above 950°C. The objective of this paper is to provide an answer concerning to this question. It is has been reported that even Ni-based contacts formed in the n++ region exhibited a steep reduction of contact resistivity in an annealing temperature range > 900°C. This effect reduction cannot be explained by the carbon vacancy induced donor model (Vc model) proposed by Han and his coworkers [Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 79, p. 1816 (2001)]. And, it is clarified that It was observed that the surface of substrates annealed at 1000°C was not covered with not Ni2Si but with a thin layer of NiSi. Finally, a plausible model is proposed that as the result of annealing at higher temperatures, results in the formation of the a NiSi/SiC system is builtat the substrate interface, resulting in significant reduction in low causing contact resistivity to be reduced significantly.
Edouard V. Monakhov, Tamás Hornos and Bengt. G. Svensson
S. Tanimoto et al., "Toward a Better Understanding of Ni-Based Ohmic Contacts on SiC", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 679-680, pp. 465-468, 2011