P-n junctions are created in p-type Czochralski silicon after a low temperature (270°C) hydrogen plasma exposure. This is attributed to the formation of hydrogen-related shallow donors. A deep level (E1) with an activation energy of about EC-0.12 eV is observed by DLTS measurement and assigned to a metastable state of the hydrogen-related shallow donors. At an annealing temperature of 340°C, the E1 centres disappear and oxygen thermal donors appear. The concentrations of the oxygen thermal donors are found typically to be 2-3 decades lower than that required for over-compensating the initial p-type doping and for contributing the excess free carriers.