Growth and Characterization of Large Diameter 6H and 4H SiC Single Crystals
Over the past year, II-VI has transitioned from 2” to 3” commercial SiC substrates. Large-diameter semi-insulating 6H-SiC and n-type 4H-SiC single crystals are grown using the Advanced PVT growth process. Expansion of boule diameter from 2 to 3 and up to 4.25 inches has been carried out using a specially designed growth technique. Stable semi-insulating properties in 6H-SiC are achieved by precise vanadium compensation. The technique of compensation is optimized to produce a controlled and spatially uniform distribution of vanadium and high and spatially uniform electrical resistivity reaching 10 10 – 1011 ·cm. N-type 3-inch 4H-SiC crystals are grown using doping with nitrogen, and 3-inch 4H-SiC substrates show uniform resistivity of about 0.018 ·cm. The best quality semiinsulating (SI) 3” 6H-SiC substrates demonstrate micropipe density of 3 cm-2, and n-type 3” 4H-SiC substrates - about 1 cm-2. X-ray rocking curve topography of the produced 3” SiC substrates is used for evaluation of their crystal quality.
Robert P. Devaty, David J. Larkin and Stephen E. Saddow
A. Gupta et al., "Growth and Characterization of Large Diameter 6H and 4H SiC Single Crystals", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 527-529, pp. 43-46, 2006