Nonequilibrium Carrier Recombination in Highly Excited Bulk SiC Crystals
We applied time-resolved free carrier absorption (FCA) to monitor non-equilibrium carrier dynamics in 4H epilayers and 3C SiC bulk crystals at excess carrier densities in the N = 1017 - 1019 cm-3 range. The numerical fitting of FCA decay kinetics provided the linear and nonlinear carrier recombination rates in the 40-390 K range and the absorption cross-sections eh at 1064 nm. In 4H, the decrease of the bulk lifetime (800 ns) with excitation provided the bimolecular and Auger coefficients B=(1.2±0.4)×10-12 cm3/s and C=(7±4)×10-31cm6/s, respectively, at room temperature. These values for 3C were 55-150 ns, (2.0±0.4)×10-12 cm3/s, and (2±1)×10-32 cm6/s, respectively. The rate of linear and nonlinear recombination increased at lower temperatures. A value of eh =4.4×10-18 cm2 for 3C SiC at 1.064 m was found 2.3 times smaller than that for 4H SiC.
Anton J. Bauer, Peter Friedrichs, Michael Krieger, Gerhard Pensl, Roland Rupp and Thomas Seyller
K. Jarašiūnas et al., "Nonequilibrium Carrier Recombination in Highly Excited Bulk SiC Crystals ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 645-648, pp. 215-218, 2010