Application of Chemical Engineering

Volumes 236-238

doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.236-238

Paper Title Page

Authors: Yong Gang Yang, Fu Ping Liu
Abstract: In order to predict and control the ink penetration depth, The base properties of 5 offset paper were firstly measured, namely, tightness、smoothness and K&N ink absorbency, etc. Then the penetration depth when offset magenta ink of the same volume entered into these papers was tested after printing. It was analyzed on the influences of offset paper and print processes on ink penetration depth. Finally, the relationships between the ink penetration depth under pressure and that under no pressure were studied. The results showed that both the tightness and smoothness of offset papers had impact on ink penetration into the paper internal structure, and the total ink penetration depth was about 1/5~1/3 of the thickness of the offset papers. In addition, the ink penetration depth under pressure was obviously lager than that under no pressure.
1139
Authors: Xue Tao Xu, Kun Zhang, Zhi Yun Du, Yu Jing Lu, Rui Rui Zhang, Hua Zhu
Abstract: Five phenolic hydroxyl-substituted distyryl ketones had been synthesized, characterized and evaluated as pH-dependent fluorescent probes for basic conditions.
1143
Authors: Lian Xin Luo, Shuang Fei Wang, Fang Lin Wei
Abstract: The object of this work is to evaluate the optimal process of stickies removal on steam-explosion pulping from recovered paper. OCC (Old Corrugated Container), offset paper and coated art paper are presented for steam-explosion treatment. The parameters tested by single-factor tests are: liquor, explosion pressure, heat preservation time, and the charge of sodium hydrate and sodium silicate. The criterion used to characterize the stickies removal efficiency is the consistence of macrostickies and DCS in pulp after treatment. The compositional analysis are achieved the optimal explosion conditions. The use of steam explosion would be desirable in dealing with recovered paper.
1147
Authors: Lei Gao, Bo Wen Cheng, Jun Song, Zeng Geng Guo, Fei Lu, Yi Liang
Abstract: This paper has studied the structure and flame-retardant properties of flame-retardant cellulose fiber with DDPSN as flame retardant. The flame retardants was uniformly dispersed in the cellulose /[Amim]Cl Solution to obtain the good spinnable dope, then the dope was wet-spun. Effects of the flame-retardant contention the fiber structure and properties were investigated. The surface of the flame-retardant cellulose fiber was observed using field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). Besides, through the Simultaneous thermal analysis, it has been shown that, with the increase of fame retardant, the degree of fame resistance was obviously improved. The flame retardant acted greatly in condensed phase during the fiber degradation and remained mainly in residues after degradation, the experiments show that the flame-retardant properties of flame-retardant cellulose fiber with 20wt% DDPSN was obvious.
1152
Authors: Guo Zengge, Bo Wen Cheng, Song Jun, Gao Lei, Lu Fei, Liang Yi
Abstract: In this work, the spinnging process of tussah silk/cellulose blend fiber using ionic liquids as solvent has been studied and the optimum spinning parameters were obtained from the orthogonal test. The structures morphology and properties of blend fibers were investigated through mechanical properties, SEM and FTIR. The result showed that break strength was 1.4124cN/dtex and break elongation was 9.803% in the condition of the optimum spinning parameters.
1156
Authors: Yan Zhao Yang, Chuan Shan Zhao, Jing Jing Wang, Jian Tong Cui
Abstract: Traditional cast coated glossy photo paper production process due to its characteristics that the water evaporates from non-coated cast side, so the coating speed is slow, ground paper is non-waterproof paper, therefore the paper products are easy to transmutative, as the cast shows that the formation of dense coatings membrane, the lower ink absorption. To solve such the problems, a novel porous ink receiving layer constituted by a litter amount of a hydrophilic binder(PVA) and a cross-linking agent, a large amount of inorganic pigment(SiO2) and a hollow structural plastic pigment. In this paper, the effects of the hollow structural plastic pigment rheological properties of the color and the printing and preservation properties of ink jet paper were investigated. Because of the thermoplasticity of the plastic pigment the calendering and dry technology were also studied. From the viewpoint of water-fastness and preventing the penetration of binder, the resin coated paper(being so-called RC paper) is selected as the substrate.
1160
Authors: Liang Wang, Feng Lan Wang, Yao Mao, Yuan Jun Yao, Yang Bing Wen
Abstract: The application of talcum powder (TP) as filler in the production of base sheet of paper-process reconstituted tobacco were studied both by laboratory scale experiment and pilot scale trial. The results showed that using TP as filler of the base sheet obviously improved the ash content and liquid absorption characteristic of the base sheet compared with using precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC). Meanwhile, the smoking qualities of the base sheets were evaluated by the tobacco experts and the final evaluation results showed that the base sheet with TP had better smoking quality.
1164
Authors: Zhao Hui Zhen
Abstract: Essence oil is difficult to microencapsulate and difficult to envelop into wall to prepare pressure sensitive microcapsules. With styrene maleic anhydride copolymer (SMA) as the protective colloid, the paper studied the effects of protective colloid and micro-encapsulation of pressure sensitive perfume microcapsules with melamine formaldehyde resin (MF) and urea formaldehyde resin (UF) as double wall first time by using the re-in situ polymerization method. The microcapsules and emusion process were characterized on morphologies, mean particle size and size distribution, zeta potebtial, wall thickness of microcapsules. It was found that the SMA seemed to be suitable for the emulsification and preparation of microcapsule with MF-UF resin as double wall containing essence oil. The results indicated the S/M mole ratio in MSA molecules affected the preparation and quality of microcapsules, pH value and the dosage of SMA had important impact on zeta value and encapsulation in the process of polymerization. The stirring time and stirring rate in emulsification process with MSA as protective colloid influenced the mean particle size and particle size distribution of microcapsules, SMA was one of the components of microcapsules, SMA amount used affected the mean particle size, size distribution and thickness of microcapsules.
1169
Authors: Su Feng Zhang, Heng Yang
Abstract: The alkaline pulping properties of wheat straw, which had been hemicelluloses pre-extracted with hot water, were studied. In this work, the process of hot-water extraction at various temperatures, reaction time and other conditions were investigated. The straws pre-extracted or not were made into pulp with NaOH-AQ at same conditions. Then the effects of pre-extraction on properties of straw pulp were studied. The results show that the yield, Kappa number and viscosity of the pulp are affected significantly by hemicelluloses pre-extraction process. The chemicals charge of the extracted straw in the pulping process is lower and shorter cooking time needed, the maximum pulping temperature reduced. These effects indicate that the action of hot-water pre-extraction before alkaline pulping is able to reduce effluent discharge and chemical demand to pulp, and it would be energy-saving. In this experiment, the optimum conditions of hot-water pre-extraction were: maximum temperature 140°C, heat-up time 30min, time at maximum temperature 60min and liquor ratio 1:10. The optimal pulping conditions were: alkali charge 12%, maximum temperature 155°C, heat-up time 90min, and holding time at maximum temperature 60min.
1174
Authors: Yan Xin Liu, Yu Long Wang, Shen Tao Qin, Fei Fei Liu
Abstract: Coating pore structure of low gloss coated paper based on different pigment blends was analyzed using mercury intrusion method in this paper. The results show that pore size of coating layer structure of low gloss coated paper ranges from 20nm-500nm, and the range from 500nm-5000nm is mainly from base paper and interactions between coating color and base paper. Printability of coated paper can be well related with coating pore structure. Print gloss is strongly influenced by pore size and pore volume. Large pore diameters and small pore volume of coating layer structure can improve print gloss. Ink density increases with the increasing of pore diameter while the pore volume is kept constant. The increasing of pore volume of coat layer structure will improve capillary absorption and then improve ink absorption. The control of coating pore structure is very important for producing low gloss coated paper.
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