Fracture and Strength of Solids VI

Volumes 306-308

doi: 10.4028/

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Authors: Zhi Hua Wang, Hong Wei Ma, Long Mao Zhao, Gui Tong Yang
Abstract: The compressive deformation behavior of open-cell aluminum foams with different densities and morphologies was assessed under quasi-static and dynamic loading conditions. High strain rate experiments were conducted using a split Hopkinson pressure bar technique at strain rates ranging from 500 to 1 2000 − s . The experimental results shown that the compressive stress-strain curves of aluminum foams also have the “ three regions” character appeared in general foam materials, namely elastic region, collapse region and densification regions. It is found that density is the primary variable characterizing the modulus and yield strength of foams and the cell appears to have a negligible effect on the strength of foams. It also is found that yield strength and energy absorption is almost insensitive to strain rate and deformation is spatially uniform for the open-celled aluminum foams, over a wide range of strain rates.
Authors: Hun Kee Lee, Seong Hyun Ko, Hyun Chul Park
Abstract: A model describing nanoindentation as plastic deformation resulting from a strain gradient is investigated. Using a simplified axisymmetric nanoindentation, the effective strain gradient for indentation depth is derived. The proposed indentation model is a modification of Nix and Gao’s model (1998) . To validate this approach for nanoindentation, solutions for depth-dependent hardness of single various materials such as Cu, Al, Ni are compared with experiments. Results show that the proposed model agrees well with the hardness experiments.
Authors: Akiyuki Takahashi, Naoki Soneda, Masanori Kikuchi
Abstract: This paper describes a computer simulation of thermal ageing process in Fe-Cu alloy. In order to perform accurate numerical simulation, firstly, we make numerical models of the diffusion and dissociation of Cu and Cu-vacancy clusters. This modeling was performed with kinetic lattice Monte Carlo method, which allows us to perform long-time simulation of vacancy diffusion in Fe-Cu dilute alloy. The model is input to the kinetic Monte Carlo method, and then, we performed the kinetic Monte Carlo simulation of the thermal ageing in the Fe-Cu alloy. The results of the KMC simulations tell us that the our new models describes well the rate and kinetics of the diffusion and dissociation of Cu and Cu-vacancy clusters, and works well in the kinetic Monte Carlo simulations. Finally, we discussed the further application of these numerical models.
Authors: Akiyuki Takahashi, Kotoko Hirose, Naoki Soneda, Masanori Kikuchi
Abstract: In this work, the point defect production in α-Zr at 600K by displacement cascade with Primary Knock-on Atom (PKA) energy up to 20KeV has been investigated by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Especially, the influence of subcascades formation on the point defect and cluster production in 20keV cascades has been investigated in detail. The subcascade formation was seen in 36 cases of 20keV cascade simulations out of 50 cases. As the damaged areas are divided into many small areas, the maximum size of point defect cluster tends to decrease when the displacement cascade is settled. On the other hand, subcascades formation has not had an influence on the number of Frenkel pairs in final state of the 20keV cascades comparatively.
Authors: Il Ho Kim, Yong Hwan Kim
Abstract: The effects of adding Y2O3, and the precipitation of Ni3Nb by heat treatment, on the mechanical properties of mechanically alloyed Ni20Cr20Fe5Nb alloy were studied. The addition of Y2O3 caused an increase in the tensile strength at room temperature, 400°C and 600°C. The difference in the tensile strength between the Ni20Cr20Fe5Nb and Ni20Cr20Fe5Nb1Y2O3 alloys decreased gradually with increasing test temperature. The tensile strength of the Ni20Cr20Fe5Nb1Y2O3 alloy at relatively low temperature was increased by the addition of Y2O3, but decreased abruptly at temperature above 600°C. This seems to result from a change in the deformation mechanism due to the ultra-fine grain size, that is, grain boundary sliding is predominant at temperatures above 600°C while internal dislocation movement is predominant at temperatures below 600°C. Following the conventional heat treatment of the solution and subsequent aging, only a small amount of δ(Ni3Nb) phase was formed in the Ni20Cr20Fe5Nb alloy, whereas in a previous report it was indicated that a large amount of γ″(Ni3Nb) was formed in IN 718 alloy. The small amount of δ(Ni3Nb) phase formed in the present case is due to the exhaustion of the Nb content resulting from the formation of NbC during consolidation.
Authors: Yong Hwan Kim, Ki Tae Kim, Il Ho Kim
Abstract: This study investigated the microstructure and mechanical properties of a wide-gap region brazed with various powders mixing ratios of additive powder to filler metal powder. The IN738 and BNi-3 alloy powders were used as additive and filler metal powder for the brazing process. The wide-gap brazing process was carried out in a vacuum of 2×10-5 torr. It was observed that the region brazed with only filler metal had a microstructure consisting of fully eutectic and dendrite structures. However, the region brazed with 60wt.% IN738 additive powder consisted of IN738 additive, Ni3B-Ni eutectic and (Cr, W)B. The fracture strength of the wide-gap region (70 wt.% additive and 30 wt.% filler metal powder) was as high as 687 MPa at room temperature. The Cracks in the wide-gap brazed region initiated at the Ni3B-Ni eutectic and (Cr, W)B, and then propagated through them. It was found that the Ni3B-Ni eutectic and (Cr, W)B in the brazed region are important microstructural factors affecting the mechanical properties of the wide-gap brazed region.
Authors: Sheng Wu Wang, Tatsuo Tabaru, Hisatoshi Hirai, Hideto Ueno
Abstract: Nb-base in-situ composites with the base composition of Nb-18Si-2HfC were prepared by conventional arc-melting. Their microstructures and mechanical properties, such as high-temperature strength and room temperature fracture toughness, were investigated to elucidate the effects of Re alloying. The in-situ composites predominantly have eutectic microstructures consisting of an Nb solid solution (NbSS) and Nb5Si3. The compressive strength increased with the increasing Re contents at 1470K and not at 1670 K. The strengthening effect observed at 1470 K is higher than that by W and Mo. Re alloying of about 2 % is valuable for improving both the high temperature strength and room temperature fracture toughness of Nb-18Si-2HfC base materials.
Authors: Ji Tai Niu, Wei Feng Huang, Jing Jun Xu, Yong Liang Guo
Abstract: In this paper, a type of the high-strength abrasion-resistant steel-NM360 has been studied with the aid of the modern physical simulation technology to solve the problem of its poor weldability. In the experiment, the welding thermal cycles under different cooling conditions with the peak heating temperature of 1320oC were simulated via the Gleeble-1500D thermal/mechanical simulator. The SH-CCT diagram of NM360 has been established by investigating the microstructure transformation course and the hardness of the welded heat-affected zone (HAZ) near fusion line during different cooling process. Moreover, the impact toughness and fracture in HAZ with different cooling rate have been studied. The established SH-CCT diagram and impact toughness in HAZ provide the referential experimental basis for selecting proper welding parameters. At last, the welding parameters for NM360 steel are determined with the aid of nomography of carbon dioxide gas shielded arc welding and empirical formula.
Authors: Agus Suprihanto, Darmawan Harsokoesoemo, Rochim Suratman
Abstract: The mechanical properties of grey cast irons can be modified with alloying elements. Cr and Cu have been known as elements that can improve tensile strength of grey cast irons. The improvement of tensile strength can be influence of fatigue strength. The goal of this research is to study the effect of alloying Cr and Cu on the fatigue strength. Four materials of grey cast irons have been conducted to high cycle fatigue (HCF) testing on the rotating bending machine. The first material is grey cast irons without added Cr and Cu, and the other have added. The percentages of Cr have been added are 0,23% wt, 0,32%wt and 0,47%wt and Cu 0,6%wt to 0,7%wt. The metallography examinations and tensile test also have been conducted. The results of this research are the material has the same microstructure. The microstructures of its materials are pearlitic grey cast irons with graphite type VII, distribution A and size of graphite 3-5. The tensile, endurance and fatigue strength of materials, which added Cr and Cu significantly increasing, compared with base materials. The tensile strength rose from 191MPa to 232MPa and the endurance strength raised from 94 MPa to 110MPa. However three modified materials, which added Cr and Cu has the same effects.
Authors: Jin Long Chen, He Min Wang, Yu Wen Qin, Xin Hua Ji
Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to develop a set of improved micro-metrology system, which consists of a digital image-measuring device and a microscope with a long focal length, for the study of displacement fields, strain fields in the area across the interphases, and also the effect of temperature on the micro-mechanics properties of interphases in thermoplastic composites. Meanwhile, the precision of the micro-metrology system is assessed by using an extra solution within of the framework of infinitesimal strain in particular, the choice of the size of subset in the correlation technique is discussed when the displacements are not infinitesimal. Experimental results show that, under practical service conditions of thermo-mechanical coupled loads, a significant residual thermal stress mismatch due to the difference in coefficients of thermal expansion between the fiber and the matrix is balanced out.

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