Characterization of Electronic Properties of Different SiC Polytypes by All-Optical Means
We applied a picosecond transient grating technique for studies of nonequilibrium carrier dynamics in differently grown or doped SiC polytypes. Optical carrier injection in 4H-SiC at two different wavelengths (266 and 355 nm) allowed us to vary the depth of the photoexcited region and determine photoelectric parameters of high density (from ~1016 to ~1019 cm-3) carrier plasma in the temperature range 10 – 300 K. A strong decrease of carrier lifetime with increasing nonequlibrium carrier density was found in 4H-SiC samples at 300 K and fitted by bimolecular recombination with coefficient B = 3 × 10-11 cm3 s-1. In 3C-SiC epilayers, the opposite tendency was observed over a wide temperature range and attributed to recharging of defect states.
Akira Suzuki, Hajime Okumura, Tsunenobu Kimoto, Takashi Fuyuki, Kenji Fukuda and Shin-ichi Nishizawa
K. Neimontas et al., "Characterization of Electronic Properties of Different SiC Polytypes by All-Optical Means ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 600-603, pp. 509-512, 2009