Interface Trap Density and Mobility Characterization of Silicon Carbide MOSFET Inversion Layers
Silicon Carbide (SiC) based metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) were fabricated and characterized using gated hall measurements with different p-type substrate doping concentration (7.2X1016cm-3 and 2X1017 cm-3). An interface trap state density of 5X1013 cm-2eV-1 was observed nearly 0.1 eV above the conduction band edge leading to the conclusion that these states are present in the silicon dioxide rather than the interface. The Hall mobility of the MOSFETs decreased from 26.5 to 20 cm2/Vs as the doping was increased from 7.2X1016 to 2X1017cm-3. The decrease in mobility is primarily due to an increase in the surface electric field that causes an increase in surface roughness scattering. The inversion layer mobility when plotted as a function of average surface electric field is not independent of doping concentration as is the case in silicon MOSFETs because the dominant scattering mechanism is not phonon scattering.
Amador Pérez-Tomás, Philippe Godignon, Miquel Vellvehí and Pierre Brosselard
V. Tilak et al., "Interface Trap Density and Mobility Characterization of Silicon Carbide MOSFET Inversion Layers", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 615-617, pp. 801-804, 2009