Reactive-Ion-Etching Induced Deep Levels Observed in n-Type and p-Type 4H-SiC
In this study, deep levels are investigated, which are introduced by reactive ion etching (RIE) of n-type/p-type 4H-SiC. The capacitance of as-etched p-type SiC is remarkably small due to compensation or deactivation of acceptors. These acceptors can be recovered to the initial concentration of the as-grown sample after annealing at 1000oC. However, various kinds of defects remain at a total density of ~5× 1014 cm-3 in a surface-near region from 0.3 μm to 1.0 μm even after annealing at 1000oC. The following defects are detected by Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy (DLTS): IN2 (EC – 0.35 eV), EN (EC – 1.6 eV), IP1 (EV + 0.35 eV), IP2 (HS1: EV + 0.39 eV), IP4 (HK0: EV + 0.72 eV), IP5 (EV + 0.75 eV), IP7 (EV + 1.3 eV), and EP (EV + 1.4 eV). These defects generated by RIE can be significantly reduced by thermal oxidation and subsequent annealing at 1400oC.
Anton J. Bauer, Peter Friedrichs, Michael Krieger, Gerhard Pensl, Roland Rupp and Thomas Seyller
K. Kawahara et al., "Reactive-Ion-Etching Induced Deep Levels Observed in n-Type and p-Type 4H-SiC", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 645-648, pp. 759-762, 2010