Abstract: This contribution presents a new force control concept for industrial six-degree of freedom (DOF) manipulators, which uses a Hexa platform that provides an active environmental stiffness for all six DOFs. The paper focuses on the Hexa platform and is split into two essential parts: (i) parallel platform construction, and (ii) application of force control with industrial manipulators using a six-DOF environmental stiffness. This mechatronic solution almost gives one hundred percent robustness for stiffness changes in the environment, what guaranties a significant shortening of execution time.
Abstract: The paper presents the structure of control section of measurement manipulator for acoustical tests in anechoic chamber. The specific of that kind of measurements brings up the need of measurement microphone positioning in many points of the measurement space accordingly to relevant standards. In most cases during the tests it is necessary to position the microphone in certain points on the hemisphere. The paper presents hardware structure and software to control the measurement manipulator accordingly to a specified algorithm. A modular construction of manipulator was chosen, which is composed of industrial turntable and two linear motion modules. That solution means that the device under test fixed on the turntable rotates in the range of 2π, and the measurement microphone moves on the track of one quarter of a circle.
Abstract: The article presents the structural and geometric synthesis and mechanical parameter choice for a manipulation mechanism for measurement microphone positioning during acoustical tests in anechoic chamber.
Usually the aims of acoustical measurements in anechoic chamber are: noise source Sound Power Level estimation, electroacoustical transducer directional characteristics measurement, sound diffusing characteristic of a structure measurement, measurement of Sound Pressure Level on a given measurement grid
The specific of that kind of measurements brings up the need of measurement microphone positioning in many points of the measurement space accordingly to relevant standards. In most cases during the tests it is necessary to position the microphone in certain points on the hemisphere. In such cases utilizing of typical microphone stands impedes the measurement and extends the time needed for the tests. Those circumstances led to idea of measurement manipulator construction that would allow changing the microphone position during the measurement accordingly to a specified algorithm.
The following assumptions for construction were taken: measurement microphone moves on the hemisphere with a maximal radius of 2 m, the weight of transported object (microphone or other) does not exceed 1 kg, positioning accuracy is 1 mm.
Structural and geometric synthesis was made taking into account mounting conditions in anechoic chamber in Department of Mechanics and Vibroacoustics AGH-UST. There were several variants labored that fulfilled the assumptions. The choice of particular solution was made based on:
• manipulator drives possible installation analysis with regard to their acoustical noise emission
• structure stiffness analysis with regard to assumed positioning accuracy of the microphone
Finally a modular construction of manipulator was chosen, which is composed of industrial turntable (built in the level of the wire netting) and two linear motion modules (long axis, short axis). That solution means that the device under test fixed on the turntable rotates in the range of 2π, and the measurement microphone moves on the track of one quarter of a circle. Specific angular position of the linear modules was chosen which allows minimal dimensions of linear modules. Simultaneously the control structure and the software part are developed.
The usefulness of the manipulator will be definitely confirmed by a research that should evaluate the influence of the construction elements on the acoustical free field in an anechoic chamber.
Abstract: The paper reports on the main assumptions and guidelines regarding construction of a novel type of parallel micro-robot with 3 degrees of freedom. Such micromanipulator is a hybrid construction, consisting of three arms connected together in parallel structure. The mechanical construction is a combination of rotational joints with bearings and flexible compliant joints so called: flexures. The whole construction measures several cubic centimeters and operates within c.a. 4 cubic centimeters workspace. In addition, the article relates to selected aspects of the control system, mathematical analysis of kinematics, basic simulations, specification of the range of movement of all actuators, and workspace of the moving platform. Modeling flexures using FE method will also be presented.
Abstract: This paper describes how the web technologies are utilized for a robot system synthesis. A web application is created for automation of the synthesis of closed structures for micro- and nano-applications, utilizing the advantages tense piezo-actuators and closed robot kinematical structures. The algorithm, integrated into the developed web based application, offers a synthesis of robot kinematic chains without extensive knowledge in this domain.
The aim is to facilitate synthesis of such kind of kinematic chains from specialists who will generate optimal solutions for automation and robotisation of the requested micro- and nano-process.
Abstract: Monitoring and surveillance by means of mobile robots are of great importance in a number of
various applications. The level of technology and science development is high enough to use
robotic vehicle for monitoring in dangerous or hard-to-reach areas, for continuous surveillance of
large industrial objects, in military purposes.
The main problems in this area are navigation and control of vehicle. The majority of articles are
dedicated to problems of motion control of wheeled mobile robots with two or three wheels [1-2].
As to four-wheeled mobile robots its kinematics and dynamics are considered in .
Abstract: In the paper, we present the mobile robot “MAX” developed at the Systems Engineering Laboratory, Hochschule Ravensburg-Weingarten, which serves as a mock-up of an automated guided vehicle intended for transportation of materials, and connection between different parts of a production line in industry. The subject of the paper is autonomous robot motion along a specified track formed with a one-colored insulation tape marked on the surface, on which the robot moves. The paper focuses on track detection provided by real-time processing of the video stream from an installed on the front of the robot web-camera that is the key feature of this work. In the paper, brief overview on the construction of the mobile robot “MAX” is introduced, the task of line following and motion criteria are formulated, some approaches to track detection and its presentation with mean points are proposed. Three motion control algorithms which are ensued are also presented and verified with experiments on the mobile robot “MAX” to show their real appropriateness.
Abstract: An idea of a control system architecture for a new wheeled mobile robot is proposed. The robot construction is characterized by an original drive mechanism and constitutes an extension of the previous research performed in Hochschule Ravensburg-Weingarten. In the new construction, the robot is given the ability to rise or lower its chassis. No complicated additional hardware is required as the level of the chassis can be changed by means of torque differences on the wheels. A modular approach is adopted to develop a hierarchical two-level and layered control system. Low and high levels correspond to local and global vehicle control. The low level is described in more detail, defining the layers and providing appropriate justification.
Abstract: In this paper, we proposed two wheeled-type in-pipe modular robotic systems. These modular systems are composed of driving modules (which use mechanisms with articulated elements) and passive modules. The first module (driving module) generates the traction force. The passive module is necessary to carry the control electronic equipment and for the transport of the needed equipment for realization of the in-pipe inspection. The joint disposed (universal join) by the two modules of the robot offers the capacity of orientation of this one.
Abstract: This paper presents an autonomous mobile robot built on a hardware platform of a remote controlled outdoor vehicle. The components are discussed, including platform, sensors, controller and GPS hardware. A new introduced middleware allowing other devices to control the robot on a more abstract level is presented. Using GPS receiver the vehicle is capable to navigate to given targets. The architecture of the platform and three different software approaches of achieving autonomy are described and evaluated.