Silicon Carbide and Related Materials 2006

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Authors: Shingo Oishi, Yasuto Hijikata, Hiroyuki Yaguchi, Sadafumi Yoshida
Abstract: We have simultaneously determined the carrier concentration, mobility, and thickness of 4H-SiC homo-epilayers with carrier concentration of 1016–1018 cm-3 from reflectance spectroscopy in the wavenumber range of 20–2000 cm-1. The spectra at 20–100 cm-1 and at 80–2000 cm-1 were measured by using the terahertz time domain spectrometer (THz-TDS) and the Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer, respectively. A modified classical dielectric function (MDF) model was employed for the curve fitting. We have compared the values of free carrier concentrations estimated from the reflectance spectroscopy with the net doping concentrations obtained from C–V measurements, and have discussed the validity of the electrical properties estimated from the reflectance spectroscopy.
Authors: Anatoly M. Strel'chuk, Alexander A. Lebedev, N.S. Savkina, Alexey N. Kuznetsov
Abstract: We present the injection electroluminescence spectra in the temperature range 290-760 K of 3C-SiC pn structure, which was fabricated by sublimation epitaxy in vacuum on 6H-SiC substrate. The dominant emission band of injection electroluminescence (IEL) spectrum was observed in the green region; at room temperature the IEL intensity outside the region of hν ≈ 2.0- 2.5 eV was less than 3% of that of the green peak. The peak parameters at room temperature are: hνmax ≈ 2.32 eV, full width at half maximum w ≈ 100 meV. The green peak shifted in the longwave direction with increasing temperature; the hνmax (T) dependence was linear with the slope of - 1.3x10-4 eV/K. Both the IEL intensity of the green peak at hνmax and band width w increased upon heating. The w(T) dependence was linear with the slope of 4.6x10-4 eV/K; intensity increased with the activation energy of 70 meV. The green IEL band can be considered to be due to the free exciton annihilation or to the band-band recombination and edge IEL increasing with rising temperature can be explained by the nonequilibrium charge carriers lifetime increasing.
Authors: Vladimir Ilich Sankin, Andrey M. Monakhov, Pavel P. Shkrebiy
Abstract: In the 6H-SiC p+-n--n+ junction the effect of the premature breakdown has been revealed. This effect stimulated by the small temperature increase and illumination by light with energy greater than the bandgap energy of 6H-SiC. The breakdown field appears to be 20% less than the intrinsic breakdown field in these structures.
Authors: Ivan G. Ivanov, Erik Janzén
Abstract: The paper presents the results of a quantitative theoretical calculation concerning the shift and the splitting of the ground-state manifold of the nitrogen donor in 4H-SiC under uniform electric field. Two cases are distinguished corresponding to a field applied parallel and perpendicular to the crystal axis. A comparison with the phosphorus donor in Si is carried out.
Authors: Adam Gali, T. Hornos, M. Bockstedte, Thomas Frauenheim
Abstract: The existence of point defects is one of the key problems in SiC technology. Combined experimental and theoretical investigations can be successful in identification of point defects. We report the identification of a basic intrinsic defect in p-type SiC. In addition, we predict the existence of interstitial-related electrically active defects which may be detected by experimental tools.
Authors: T. Hornos, Adam Gali, Nguyen Tien Son, Erik Janzén
Abstract: We have investigated several aluminum-related complexes in 4H-SiC by ab initio supercell calculations. The binding energies of the defects predict high thermal stability and complex formation between aluminum and carbon interstitials in SiC. We show that the carbon vacancy can be attached to a shallow the aluminum acceptor and form a very stable defect. We also found that aluminum interstitial forms stable and metastable complexes with one or two carbon interstitials. The possible relation of these defects to the recently found aluminum- related DLTS centers is also discussed.
Authors: Patrick Carlsson, Nguyen Tien Son, T. Umeda, Junichi Isoya, Erik Janzén
Abstract: The SI-5 electron-paramagnetic-resonance (EPR) centre is a dominant defect in some high-purity semi-insulating (HPSI) SiC substrates and has recently been shown to originate from the negatively charged carbon vacancy-carbon antisite pair (VC − Si C ). In this work, photoexcitation EPR (photo-EPR) was used for determination of the energy position of deep acceptor levels of VCCSi in 4H-SiC. Our photo-EPR measurements in slightly n-type material show an increase of the EPR signal of VC − Si C for photon energies from ~0.8 eV to ~1.3 eV. Combining the data from EPR, deep level transient spectroscopy and supercell calculations we suggest that the (1–|2–) levels of the different configurations of the defect are located in the range ~0.8-1.1 eV below the conduction band.
Authors: T. Umeda, Norio Morishita, Takeshi Ohshima, Hisayoshi Itoh, Junichi Isoya
Abstract: Carbon antisite-vacancy pair (CSiVC) is a fundamental defect in SiC, and is theoretically predicted to be very stable in p-type materials. However, this pair was found only in the form of a negatively charged state (i.e., the SI5 center = CSiVC −) in n-type and semi-insulating 4H-SiC, and yet, its presence has not been shown in p-type SiC. In this report, we present the first EPR observation on positively charged CSiVC pairs in p-type 4H-SiC. By carefully examining p-type samples after electron irradiation, we found a pair of new defects with C3v and C1h symmetries. They correspond to “c-axial” pairs (C3v) and “basal” pairs (C1h) of CSiVC +, respectively. The positively charged pairs are characterized by a strong 13C hyperfine interaction due to a dangling bond on a carbon antisite (CSi), which is successfully resolved for the c-axial pairs.
Authors: Takeshi Ohshima, O. Tokunaga, Masahiko Issiki, Fumio Sasajima, Hisayoshi Itoh
Abstract: Impurity atoms in a high-purity semi-insulating 4H-SiC substrate fabricated by sublimation and an n-type 3C-SiC substrate fabricated by Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) were evaluated by neutron activation analysis. Cr, Fe, Zn, As, Br, Mo, Sb, Eu, Yb, Hf, Ta, W and Au atoms were detected in the 4H-SiC fabricated by sublimation. In the 3C-SiC fabricated by CVD, Cr, Zn, As, Br, Mo, Sb, La Sm and Hf atoms were found. The concentration of these atoms tends to decrease with increasing atomic number.
Authors: Ioana Pintilie, K. Irmscher, Ulrike Grossner, Bengt Gunnar Svensson, Bernd Thomas
Abstract: Nitrogen doped 4H-SiC epitaxial layers grown by hot-wall chemical vapor deposition were investigated by Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy after irradiation with 6 MeV electrons at room temperature. This study is focusing on the influence of nitrogen doping and C/Si ratio on the behaviour of the Z1,2 and EH6,7 levels which occur in already as-grown material but are substantially enhanced by electron and ion irradiation. It was found that both the Z1,2 and EH6,7 concentrations increase with both the nitrogen doping and the C/Si ratio. However, while the Z1,2 concentration increases during post-irradiation thermal treatment the opposite holds for the EH6,7 level especially in silicon rich samples. On the basis of these results, the influence of carbon and nitrogen on the formation of the Z1,2 complex is reconfirmed and a possible identity of the EH6,7 defect is discussed.

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