Advances in Engineering Design and Optimization II

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Authors: Xiao Jun Yang, Qing Shan Lan, Yu Ning Zhong
Abstract: The theory of natural frequencies were acquired from vibration experiment, meanwhile, the first order frequencies of honeycomb sandwich structure composites were obtained by using the sandwich laminboard theory and equivalent panel theory via the finite element software ANSYS. The simulation results were compared to the experiment results to get the error of calculation of the two different equivalent methods, thereby we can select more appropriate equivalent method to ensure the veracity of the result analysis and provide a reference for the optimization design of the fiber-paper honeycomb sandwich structure composites.
Authors: Zhan Fei Zhu, Quan Shi, Guang Yan Wang, Hang Lu
Abstract: In order to study the influence of charge weight and blast position on damage effect of EPW (Earth Penetrating Weapon), theoretic analysis was combined with experiment data, the model of volume of funnel pit formed by blast was set up based on supposing that the warhead was instantaneous spherical explosion and the fragments’ destructive effect could be neglected, then the model was discussed in detail. The results are helpful to the launch and control of the EPW and have reference value for the building of contravallation and underground blindage.
Authors: Dong Lai Xu, Shuai Zhang, Jun Tao Si, Wei Yu
Abstract: By applying quaternion and Sylvester resultant elimination method, and with the help of Mathematica 8.0 software, the 3-Dof 3-PC(RR)N spherical parallel mechanism location is analyzed. In solving inverse solution, there are 512-group input angle solutions, and 64-group real solutions. In the example of this paper, there are a total of 8-group real solutions by removing the extraneous roots.
Authors: Peng Fei Zhang, Sui Xian Yang, Qiao Peng
Abstract: Fuel economy is one of the important factors for hybrid electronic vehicle (HEV), which would has great impact on fabrication and sale of HEV. A HEV should be designed to achieve best power performance and high fuel economy. In this paper, the fuel economy of HEVs, both parallel and serial, have been investigated by simulation approach. INSIGHT which is produced by HONDA Corporation has been employed as an example of parallel HEV (PHEV). The power parameters of serial HEV (SHEV) have been set according to references. After that, the simulation models for both PHEV and SHEV have been established. Three kinds of work conditions including UDDS, HWFET and ECE-EUDC have been simulated with software ADVISOR 2002. The conclusions have been reached by analyzing the simulation results, which indicate that PHEV has difference fuel economy performance from SHEV. PHEV is suitable for working at high speed condition, whereas SHEV is satisfactory to low speed and frequently startup case, for example, running in downtown.
Authors: Qi Wei
Abstract: In this paper, a two-machine flow shop problem with infinite buffer capacity is considered. Each of jobs is identical and has two tasks. The first task can be processed on either machine, called flexible task, while the second task must be processed on the second machine and can't be processed unless the first task has been processed. There is infinite buffer capacity between two machines. The problem is to determine the assignment of the flexible tasks to the machines for each job, with the objective of maximizing the makespan. We present an optimal algorithm for this problem.
Authors: Xing Zhou Li, Guo Qiang Zhang, Ji Qiang Zhai, Wen Juan Wang
Abstract: The compression simulation of LCD package indicates some potential design problems. Under large compression force the package will slope due to asymmetric deformation. The 3-D whole package parametric model was built in Pro/Engineer. Compression process simulation of package in Ansys will find design defects. Based on the simulation results, Ansys Design Exploration module generates the optimization design in accordance with the response surface analysis result. The compression simulation was performed to identify the reliability of the new design. In addition, some guidance on the cushion packaging parametric design and optimization was put forward.
Authors: Chu Qun Wu, Fan Wang, Shao Yong Wang
Abstract: The deformation of the large steel structure truss system, which was subjected to constant loads, variable loads and wind loads, was calculated by using the 3D3S steel structure analysis program. The periods and the vibration mode from the first to the ninth order of the structure were obtained by the earthquake vibration mode period analysis. The dynamic computation of the structure showed that the period difference of the vibration modes is small. The frequencies and the modes of vibration from the first to the ninth order of the same structure mode were calculated by using the ANSYS finite element program. The frequencies and the modes of vibration from the first to the ninth order of the building were obtained by the dynamic analysis of the structure. The dynamic computation of the structure shows that the frequencies difference of the vibration modes is small. The vibration instability is possible for the structure.
Authors: Ji Lun Miao, Xiao Xin Fei, Cheng Lin Huang
Abstract: A new horizontal two-dimensional mathematic scheme namely space-time Conservation Element and Solution Element (CE-SE) is introduced in this paper. The CE-SE method has some features which space and time are unified and treated on the same footing, both local and global flux are enforced conservation. The proposed model is applied to solve the 2-D shallow water equations in the triangular mesh, and tested by using the field data in Yangzi River. It shows that the hydraulics characters in natural rivers which are with complex boundaries and topography can be well simulated by using this new method.
Authors: Xue Dao Shu, Le Ping Chen, Xin Hong Wei
Abstract: Aimed at preventing the problems of axial movement, step blemish and rolling overlap piece of skins which make from the imbalance of axial and tangential force because of asymmetry of parts in size and shape, the paper adopted finite element method (FEM) to simulate CWR technique of typical asymmetric shaft part, and analysis systematically axial force and axial displacement. Then we can judge axial offset by axial displacement of central point of billet. The results of the study indicate that FEM can manifest the axial deformation of asymmetric shaft parts in CWR, which provides theoretical foundation for the promotion of CWR technology in the application of asymmetric shaft parts manufacture.
Authors: Liang Wu, Dong Xiao Yu, Wei Dong Duan
Abstract: In modern mining and project construction, how to make use of the explosion energy effectively is the key technology demanding prompt solution at present. The application of air-decked blasting technology has enabled the efficient use of explosion energy, which proves that the air-decked blasting technology can overcome many disadvantages caused by column charge effectively, getting ideal explosion effect. Based on the dynamic finite element analysis software with the material model of Mat-Plastic-Kinemetic, the dynamic stress characteristics and failure mechanism of blast-hole near-field with level soft interlayer are researched with different air-decked charge structures. There is significant effect on the rock at the middle of blast-hole if top-air-decked charge structure with indirect initiation and middle-air-decked charge structure with two ends initiation at the same time. If bottom-air-decked charge structure with indirect initiation, soft inter-layer don’t change the peek of compression and tensile stress curves of typical elements with distance from the bottom of hole, so there is not effect significantly of level soft interlayer on bottom-air-decked charge structure with indirect initiation.

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